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Terms in this set (48)
People who cannot be held fully responsible for their actions because of a psychological disorder
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Share a common symptom of anxiety
intense unwarranted fear of a situation or object
fear of open, public spaces
Social Anxiety Disorder
fear of a situation in which one could embarrass oneself in public
Generalized anxiety disorder
anxiety disorder in which a person is constantly experiencing low-level anxiety
an anxiety disorder in which someone suffers from acute episodes of intense anxiety without apparent provocation
Somatic symptom disorder
when a person manifests a psychological problem through a physiological symptom
a disorder in which a person experiences a severe physical problem such as paralysis or blindness; however have no biological reason for the problems.
involve a disruption in conscious processes
when someone can't remember things and there is no psychological basis for the disruption.
Dissociative identity disorders
when a person has multiple personalities.
when people experience extreme or inappropriate emotions.
Major depressive disorder
unipolar depression, often referred to as the common cold of all psychological disorders.
Seasonal affective disorder
people repeatedly become depressed during a particular season of the year
involves both depressed and maniac episodes.
The three forms of negative thinking that Aaron Beck theorizes lead people to feel depressed. The triad consists of a negative view of one's experiences, oneself, and the future.
when one's prior experiences have caused that person to view themselves as unable to control aspects of the future that are controllable.
a class of disorders marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior
Delusions of persecution
the belief that people are out to get you
Delusions of grandeur
belief that you enjoy greater power and influence than you do
perceptions in the absence of any sensory stimulation
Disorganized language-neologisms, clang associations
making up their own words; or string together a series of nonsense words
Inappropriate or flat affect
consistently having no emotional response at all
state of immobility and unresponsiveness lasting for long periods of time; or moving jerkily and quickly for no reason.
feature of catatonic schizophrenia in which people rigidly maintain the body position or posture in which they are placed by others
the idea that schizophrenia involves an excess of dopamine activity
muscle tremors and stiffness caused by extensive use of anti psychotic drugs
when a person is given contradictory messages
often applied to schizophrenia but can be more widely applied to many psychological and physical disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
Antisocial Personality disorder
psychological disorder in which one demonstrates a lack of conscience
Dependent personality disorder
A personality disorder characterized by a pattern of clinging and obedience, fear of separation, and an ongoing need to be taken care of.
Paranoid personality disorder
a personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others
Narcissistic personality disorder
characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a preoccupation with fantasies of success or power, and a need for constant attention or admiration
Histrionic personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behavior
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorders
preoccupation with orderliness, perfection, and control
Post-traumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
Paraphilia or psychosexual disorder
sexual attraction to an object, person, or activity not usually seen as sexual
an eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves
eating disorder characterized by excessive eating followed by purging
Autism spectrum disorder
A disorder characterized by deficits in social relatedness and communication skills that are often accompanied by repetitive, ritualistic behavior.
a disorder characterized by restlessness, inattentiveness, and impulsivity
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
pioneer in Cognitive Therapy. Suggested negative beliefs cause depression.
researcher known for work on learned helplessness and learned optimism as well as positive psychology
A social psychologist that did a study in which healthy patients were admitted to psychiatric hospitals and diagnoses with schizophrenia; showed that once you are diagnosed with a disorder, the label, even when behavior indicates otherwise, is hard to overcome in a mental health setting
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