24 terms

16 - Chapter 13 - The Civil War (1861-65)

This unit describes the final events that pushed the United States towards civil war and the events that took place during that war from 1861 to 1865.
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Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
Abraham Lincoln
American leader whose election in 1860 led the Southern States to begin seceding from the United States. President throughout the U.S. Civil War, during two terms office until his assassination after the war in 1865.
Confederate States of America
(1860) A group of eight Southern states that seceded from the Union, beginning with South Carolina, The Confederacy was led by Jefferson Davis; He eventually attacked the federally controlled Fort Sumter on April 12th 1861, marking the first battle of the Civil War. The Confederacy struggled economically during the war, lagging behind the Union's industrialization. This desperately contribute to their defeat.
Jefferson Davis
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865.
Lincoln's 1st Inaugural
he rejected the right to secession but denied any intention of interfering with slavery in the states
Fort Sumter
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Anaconda Plan
A key point in the Union's war strategy was encircling the South as an anaconda squeezes its prey. This plan entailed a naval blockade and the capture of the Mississippi River corridor.
Robert E. Lee
A former union general that joined the South after Virginia seceded. He was in charge of the Confederate Army, and led it to many victories.
Conscription (Draft)
law required men to serve in the military
Stonewall Jackson
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
Battle Hymn of the Republic
An American patriotic hymn from the Civil War by Julia Ward Howe, who wrote it after a visit to an encampment of the Union Army. The tune is that of John Brown's Body.
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Battle of Gettysburg
1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war
Gettysburg Address
A 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Battle of Vicksburg
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins.
William Carney
first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his Acts of bravery on the Assault of Fort Wagner.
Ulysses S. Grant
An American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
William T. Sherman
A successful Union general who implemented the tactic of "total war" in order to defeat the South. Led successful military campaign to conquer Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina.
Philip Bazaar
born in Chile was the first Hispanic-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in the assault of Fort Fisher.
Election of 1864
Election in which Lincoln defeated George McClellan and John C. Fremont, getting reelected for his second term as president.
Second Inaugural Address
the phrases "with malice toward none" and "charity for all" were used by Lincoln in his second inaugural address where Lincoln sought to assure the South that the North would be kind in reuniting the North and South after the war...
Appomattox Court House
Famous as the site of the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse, where the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee To Ulysses S. Grant took place on April 9, 1865
John Wilkes Booth
26 year old actor and Southern sympathizer, assassinator of Abraham Lincoln
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