47 terms

American Republic to 1877 - Chapter 9

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George Washington
1st president
John Adams
2nd president
Thomas Jefferson
3rd president
James Madison
4th president
precedent
an action or decision that serves as an example for the future
Judiciary Act of 1789
act in which Congress created a FEDERAL (3 level) court system
district
the lowest level of the FEDERAL (3 level) court system
appeals
the middle level of the FEDERAL (3 level) court system
supreme
the highest level of the FEDERAL (3 level) court system
John Marshall
the first POWERFUL Supreme Court Chief Justice; served for 35 years; ruled on Marbury v. Madison
privateer
"legal" pirate; attacked enemy countries
Napolean Bonaparte
leader of France after the revolution; military dictator; sold the US the Louisiana Purchase
Alexander Hamilton
"father" of the US Treasury and Bank of the United States; strong federalist; on $10 bill; killed in a duel against Aaron Burr
Neutrality Proclamation
declared the US would not take sides in wars fought in Europe
Federalist
one of the first political parties; wanted a strong FEDERAL (national) government
Democratic-Republican
one of the first political parties; wanted to LIMIT the power of the Federal government
political party
a group that has similiar views/ideas and work together to win elections
treason
what the term "Sedition" means in Alien & Sedition Act; crimes against your own country
Alien and Sedition Act
Passed during the Adams presidency; gave president power to force immigrants back to home country and jail people who talk negatively about the president and government
75%
percent of states that must approve an amendment for it to be added to the Constitution; hardest thing to do in government
judicial review
the power of the Supreme Court; allows court to rule laws unconstitutional; Developed by John Marshall as part of the Judiciary Act of 1801
Marbury v. Madison
supreme court case that established Judicial Review; midnight judges fought for jobs; John Marshall ruled it was unconstitutional for Executive Branch to create courts
embargo
banning trade with another country
1803
year the US bought the Lousiana Purchase
Jefferson
president who purchased the Lousiana Purchase
France
country we bought the Louisiana Purchase from
Lewis and Clark
explorers sent to explore northern part of LA purchase; followed Missouri River to the Pacific
Missouri River
the physical feature Lewis and Clark followed on their exploration
Zebulun Pike
explorer sent to map the southern part of the LA purchase; walked right through KS (1st American and 1st since Coronado 300 years earlier)
Monticello
home of Thomas Jefferson
agrarian
relating to farms and fields; Jefferson thought the US should be a collection of small farms
Tecumseh
Indian leader who united tribes in the Northwest territory; fought with British during War of 1812
impressment
forcing prisoners into serving in army / navy
war hawks
groups of politicans who wanted to go to war against Britain in 1812; Henry Clay and John Calhoun were leaders
War of 1812
sometimes referred to as the 2nd war for independence; fought with Great Britain over impressment of Americans & British aide to Native Americans in the Northwest Territory
York
Capital of Canada that America burned during the War of 1812.
Francis Scott Key
Wrote the Star Spangled Banner.
Fort McHenry
The fort that guarded Baltimore; Star Spangled Banner written here.
Battle of New Orleans
Battle that occurred two weeks AFTER the War of 1812 was over.
Andrew Jackson
American leader at the Battle of New Orleans; became extremely popular after battle.
Treaty of Ghent
Officially ended the War of 1812.
Convention of 1818
Treaty that created the border between the US and Canada at the 49th parallel.
latitude
Lines measuring north and south from the Equator; parallels.
Missouri Compromise
Passed in 1820; decided how to handle the issue of slavery in new territories; written by Henry Clay.
Henry Clay
Wrote the Missouri Compromise and created the American System.
nationalism
Pride in your country; thinking your country is better than others.
sectionalism
Pride in your area of the country; split the US into the North and South during the 1800s.