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Study of spatial patterns in the human and physical world, resources, distribution, and changes of these elements
Friction of distance
Relative measures of time-distance and cost-distance to travel from one place to another.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
combine maps and aerial and satellite images with data relevant to the area.
Global choke point
A point at which surface transportation routes are vulerable to the control of a country.
An imagined community where people believe to share common cultural traits or features, tied to a specific area of land.
The study of spatial variations in cultural features, such as material traits, social structures, and belief systems.
Stage 1 of Demographic Transition Theory
Pre industrial stage. High birth rates and high death rates. 0 pop. growth
Stage 2 of Demographic Transition Theory
Early industrial stage. High birth rates and low death rates. population explodes
Stage 3 of Demographic Transition Theory
Late industrial stage. Low birth rates and low death rates. large urban pop. growth slows down
Stage 4 of Demographic Transition Theory
Post industrial stage. Low birth rates and low death rates. 0 growth, stable or decline.
Language set: Germanic (English, German), Romance (Spanish, Italian, French), Slavick (Ukraine, Russian, Polish)
Gas that forms a protective shield in the upper atmosphere, intercepts harmful rays from the sun.
The carbon gases humans create by burning oil, coal, and gas will add to the gases that trap solar energy in the lower atmosphere - may enhance the greenhouse effect and natural climate warming.
When heat rays are absorbed in the lower atmosphere by water vapor and carbon gases, they raise the temperature of the air.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Formed in 91' from 11 countries that came from the Soviet Union collapse. Economic union that meets and understands it's economic needs.
Russian government sets quotas favoring heavy industry over production of consumer goods.
Russian government decides what is produced in contrast to "supply and demand" in a capitalist economy.
Governance by the Communist Party, actively running the political, social, and economic activies of the people.
The idea that differing nations can cooperate so closely for their mutual benefit that they can share the same government, economy, social policies, and military.
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