Blood Typing

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Terms in this set (...)

antigen
- specific glycoprotein located on the surface of the cells
- helps to identify cells
antibody
- something your body produces to fight glycoproteins that aren't yours
- attach to antigens
A blood
- red blood cells have A antigens
- produces anti-B-antibodies
B blood
- red blood cells have B antigens
- produces anti-A-antibodies
AB blood
- red blood cells have A antigens
- red blood cells have B antigens
- produces NO anti-A or B antibodies
- universal recipient
O blood
- red blood cells have NO antigens
- produces anti-A-antibodies
- produces anti-B-antibodies
- universal donor
RH antigen
- If present >> +
- If absent >> -
agglutination
antigen + antibody clump together
anti-A test serum
Serum used to test blood samples. If the sample contains A antigens, it will clot.
anti-B test serum
Serum used to test blood samples. If the sample contains B antigens, it will clot.
anti-Rh test serum
Serum used to test blood samples. If the sample is Rh+, it will clot.
plasma
Liquid portion of blood. Carries water, nutrients, and waste products through the body. Thickness determines how blood will behave when spattering.
platelets
Tiny, disk-shaped bodies in the blood, important in blood clot formation. Makes blood thick and viscous so it resists breaking apart when projected.
red blood cells
Blood cells that carry oxygen to body cells and take away carbon dioxide. Contain a lot of iron that make blood red/orange and allow blood to be seen and respond to indicator tests.
white blood cells
Blood cells that perform the function of destroying disease-causing microorganisms. Their nuclei contain DNA