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A Light in Obscure Places: The Unseen, the Misunderstood (Art and Music), People in the song Black man

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Toyin Ojih Odutola (born 1985)
Between the Margins
is by the Nigerian visual artist known for her vivid multimedia drawings and works on paper. She currently lives and works in New York. Toyin Odutola's drawings question physical and sociopolitical identities as they pertain to skin color. Treating skin as topography, she layers ink as a means of mapping a person's subjective, individual geography built from real-life experiences. Her interest in surface qualities stems from the history of African textiles, which inspires the artist's rich textures on flat planes
Vik Muniz born in 1961
Woman Ironing is by Muniz who is a Brazilian artist and photographer. Initially a sculptor, Muniz grew interested with the photographic representations of his work, eventually focusing completely on photography. Primarily working in series, Muniz incorporates the use of quotidian objects such as diamonds, sugar, thread, chocolate syrup and garbage in his practic
Kim Jong-Do
Seodang is by Jong-do also known as Kim Hong-do, most often styled Danwon (단원) He was a full-time painter of the Joseon period of Korea. He was together a pillar of the establishment and a key figure of the new trends of his time, the 'true view painting'. Gim Hong-do was an exceptional artist in every field of traditional painting, even if he is mostly remembered nowadays for his depictions of the everyday life of ordinary people, in a manner analogous to the Dutch Masters
Max Liebermann
Free Period in the Amsterdam Orphanage is by Max Liebemann who was a Ashkenazi Jewish painter and printmaker, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany.
Giuseppe Pellizza de Volpedo
The Fourth Estate by de Volpedo
an Italian divisionist painter. Pellizza was born and died in Volpedo, in the Piedmont region of northern Italy.
Pellizza was a pupil of Pio Sanquirico. He used a divisionist technique in which a painting is created by juxtaposing small dots of paint according to specific color theory.
George Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 - January 8, 1925)
Stag at Sharkey's
by George Wesley Bellows who was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City. He became, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation"
Vincent Van Gogh (30 March 1853 - 29 July 1890)
The Potato Eaters by van Gogh who was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. However, he was not commercially successful and his suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty.
Sophie Calie (born 9 October 1953)
Hotel, Room 47 is by Claie who is is a French writer, photographer, installation artist, and conceptual artist. Calle's work is distinguished by its use of arbitrary sets of constraints, and evokes the French literary movement of the 1960s known as Oulipo. Her work frequently depicts human vulnerability, and examines identity and intimacy. She is recognized for her detective-like ability to follow strangers and investigate their private lives. Her photographic work often includes panels of text of her own writing
Yukinori Yanagi (born 2 May 1959)
Pacific
is by Yanagi a Japanese contemporary artist.
He earned a bachelor's and master's of fine arts, both from Musashino Art University. He also studied at Yale and has several flag pieces including one inspired by Jasper Johns.
Marcel Duchamp
Fountain is by was born in Ducahmp who was born in Blainville, Normandy, Duchamp was the son of a notary and the younger brother of the painter Jacques Villon and the Cubist sculptor Raymond Duchamp-Villon. He studied at the Académie Julian in 1904-5. His early figure paintings were influenced by Matisse and Fauvism, but in 1911 he created a personal brand of Cubism combining earthy colours, mechanical and visceral forms, and a depiction of movement which owes as much to Futurism as to Cubism. His Nude Descending a Staircase, No.2, 1912 (Philadelphia Museum of Art), created a sensation at the 1913 New York Armory Show. Duchamp did very little painting after 1912, creating the first of his 'readymades' in 1913.
Cynthia Decker
Between the Cracks by Decker. Decker began drawing - pixel by pixel - on an Apple II computer when she was about 13. Throughout high school and college she practiced art and design, and during this time she started digital painting. She also continued working with traditional media. She began using 3D software in 1998 and finally felt I had really found the medium that best let me express my artistic ideas Her style is known as imaginary realism
Come from Away
Me and the Sky from Come From Away is based on the true story of when the isolated community of Gander, Newfoundland played host to the world. What started as an average day in a small town turned in to an international sleep-over when 38 planes, carrying thousands of people from across the globe, were diverted to Gander's air strip on September 11, 2001. Undaunted by culture clashes and language barriers, the people of Gander cheered the stranded travelers with music, an open bar and the recognition that we're all part of a global family.
Clara Schumann aka Clara Josephine Wieck (13 September 1819 - 20 May 1896)
Three Romances for Violin and Piano was a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished composers and pianists of the Romantic era. She exerted her influence over a 61-year concert career, changing the format and repertoire of the piano recital, while also having composed a body of work including various piano concertos, chamber works, and choral pieces.
Renata Flores Rivera
The Way you make Me Feel is a Michael jackson song sung by Renata Flores Rivera She translated the song with help from Ada, her 72-year-old grandmother. In 2014, she participated in "The Voice Kids Peru", a Peruvian talent show.Flores is trying to revive the language, which is considered to be "dying":
I sing in Quechua as a voice of warning, because the language is being lost
folk song
Follow the Drinking Gourd is an African American folk song first published in 1928. The Drinking Gourd is another name for the Big Dipper asterism. Folklore has it that fugitive slaves in the United States used it as a point of reference so they would not get lost. According to legend, the song was used by a conductor of the Underground Railroad, called Peg Leg Joe, to guide some fugitive slaves
William Barton
Didge Fusion is by William Barton. William Barton is widely recognized as one of Australia's leading didgeridoo players and composers and is a powerful advocate for the wider perception of his cultural traditions. Born in Mount Isa, William was taught to play the didgeridoo by his Uncle, an elder of the Waanyi, Lardil and Kalkadunga tribes of northwestern Queensland, and by the age of 12 was in Sydney playing for Aboriginal dance troupes.
Solomon Linda (1909 - 8 October 1962) also known as Solomon Ntsele ("Linda" was his clan name),
Mbube , by Linda who was a South African musician, singer and composer best known as the composer of "Mbube", which later became the popular music success "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and gave its name to the Mbube style of isicathamiya a cappella later popularized by Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Annie the Musical
It's A Hard Knock Life from the musical Annie. Annie is a Broadway musical based upon the popular Harold Gray comic strip Little Orphan Annie, with music by Charles Strouse, lyrics by Martin Charnin, and book by Thomas Meehan.
Les Miserables the Musical
Little People is from the Musical
Les Misérables colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis, is a sung-through musical based on the 1862 novel of the same name by French poet and novelist Victor Hugo. The musical premiered in Paris in 1980, and has music by Claude-Michel Schönberg and original French-language lyrics by Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel. An English-language libretto was written by Herbert Kretzmer.
Stevie Wonder Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950)
Black Man is by Stevie Wonder,an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
A child prodigy, Wonder is considered to be one of the most critically and commercially successful musical performers of the late 20th century. Wonder signed with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11, and he continued performing and recording for Motown into the 2010s. He has been blind since shortly after his birth
Between the Margins
Through black ballpoint pen ink, Toyin Odutola's drawings question physical and sociopolitical identities as they pertain to skin color. Treating skin as topography, she layers ink as a means of mapping a person's subjective, individual geography built from real-life experiences. Her interest in surface qualities stems from the history of African textiles, which inspires the artist's rich textures on flat planes. Concerned with historical representations of black subjects in portraiture, Odutola undermines notions of blackness in her drawings by exploring what it means to look or be perceived as black, as, while drawn in black ink, not all of her subjects are of African descent. More recently, Odutola has begun to look beyond pen ink, working with charcoal and pastels to reflect the cultural diversity and ambition of American cities.
Woman Ironing
Muniz grew interested with the photographic representations of his work, eventually focusing completely on photography. Primarily working in series, Muniz incorporates the use of quotidian objects such as diamonds, sugar, thread, chocolate syrup and garbage in his practice to create bold, ironic and often deceiving imagery, gleaned from the pages of pop culture and art history. His work has been met with both commercial success and critical acclaim, and has been exhibited worldwide.
In 2010, Muniz was featured in the documentary film Waste Land, directed by Lucy Walker, which featured Muniz's work on one of the world's largest garbage dumps, Jardim Gramacho, on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro
Seodang
A sniveling young student with his back turned to his teacher, who is sitting behind him wearing a square headgear, called a banggeon in Korean, is the focal point of this painting. He is surrounded by his fellow students, who seem to find the situation amusing. The circular composition of the painting, the omission of background, the use of simple brushstrokes to capture the folds in clothes, and the facial expressions help viewers feel the atmosphere of this old classroom.
Free Period In the Amsterdam Orphanage
Liebermann was taunted as the "apostle of ugliness". Nevertheless, the Städelscher Museums-Verein showed courage and providence when it acquired this early key work immediately after it was founded in 1899. Liebermann had sketched the inmates of the 'Burgerweeshuis' in Amsterdam. It was only later that he executed the oil painting in his Munich studio. This work was created at a turning point, when Liebermann left behind the shades of brown of his realist phase and adopted the lighter palette of Impressionism.
The 4th Estate
The Fourth Estate, is Pellizza's large-scale painting depicting a procession of striking workers walking toward the brightly lit picture plane. Pellizza's The Fourth Estate has become a seminal example of Social Realism at the turn of the century and a symbolic marker of socio-economic struggles within the shifting political histories of Italy.
Stag at Sharkey's
Bellows was no stranger to Sharkey's Athletic Club, a raucous saloon with a backroom boxing ring, located near his studio. Founded by Tom "Sailor" Sharkey, an ex-fighter who had also served in the US Navy, the club attracted men seeking to watch or participate in matches. Because public boxing was illegal in New York at the time, a private event had to be arranged in order for a bout to take place. Participation was usually limited to members of a particular club, but whenever an outsider competed, he was given temporary membership and known as a "stag." Although boxing had its share of detractors who considered it uncouth at best or barbaric at worst, its proponents—among them President Theodore Roosevelt—regarded it a healthy manifestation of manliness. Around the time Bellows painted Stag at Sharkey's, boxing was moving from a predominantly working-class enterprise to one with greater genteel appeal
The Potato Eaters
Van Gogh saw the Potato Eaters as a showpiece, for which he deliberately chose a difficult composition to prove he was on his way to becoming a good figure painter. The painting had to depict the harsh reality of country life, so he gave the peasants coarse faces and bony, working hands. He wanted to show in this way that they 'have tilled the earth themselves with these hands they are putting in the dish ... that they have thus honestly earned their food'.

He painted the five figures in earth colors - 'something like the color of a really dusty potato, unpeeled of course'. The message of the painting was more important to Van Gogh than correct anatomy or technical perfection. He was very pleased with the result: yet his painting drew considerable criticism because its colors were so dark and the figures full of mistakes. Nowadays, the Potato Eaters is one of Van Gogh's most famous works.
Hotel Room 47
This is a two-part framed work comprising photographs and text. In the upper part, the title Room 47 is printed below a color photograph of elegantly carved wooden twin head-boards behind a bed covered in rich brown satin. Below it, three columns of italic text are diary entries describing findings in the hotel room between Sunday 22 February 1981 and Tuesday 24. In the lower frame a grid of nine black and white photographs show things listed in the text above. This work is part of a project titled The Hotel, which the artist has defined:
Pacific
Pacific is a large installation comprising forty-nine plastic boxes arranged in a rectangular grid on the wall and connected using vinyl chloride resin tubes. Each box contains a representation of a national flag made from synthetic, colored sand that has a dry and coarse appearance. Pacific was produced in its present form by allowing a large number of ants to move through the boxes, creating tunnels in the sand that have produced cracks across the faces of the flags, and the bodies of some of the dead ants are still present in several of the boxes. The flags all represent countries that border the Pacific Ocean, nations that once had colonies which lay on those borders, or indigenous groups that live in such areas but do not have sovereignty over any territory Each box measures 300 x 450 x 17 mm and there is a gap of 120 mm between the boxes in the vertical rows and 150 mm between those in the horizontal rows. The boxes are backed onto a cast acrylic resin board and each has two tubes emerging from its top and bottom edges, as well as one from either of its sides. The tubes that project from the edges of the outermost boxes on all four sides of the installation are blocked up by means of plugs.
Fountain
Fountain is one of Duchamp's most famous works and is widely seen as an icon of twentieth-century art. The original, which is lost, consisted of a standard urinal, usually presented on its back for exhibition purposes rather than upright, and was signed and dated 'R. Mutt 1917'. Tate's work is a 1964 replica and is made from glazed earthenware painted to resemble the original porcelain. The signature is reproduced in black paint. Fountain has been seen as a quintessential example, along with Duchamp's Bottle Rack 1914, of what he called a 'readymade', an ordinary manufactured object designated by the artist as a work of art
Between the Cracks
In every society, there are people who are overlooked, there are people many choose not to see. In a social sense, these people have fallen between the cracks.
Imaginary Realism:
A calculated combination of the familiar and the impossible.
I create surreal environments that have familiar textures and evocative moods.
Three Romances for Violin and Piano
The romances, scored for violin and piano, are written in three movements:
Andante molto
Allegretto
Leidenschaftlich schnell
The first romance begins with hints of gypsy pathos, before a brief central theme with energetic arpeggios ensues. This is followed by a final section similar to the first, in which Clara Schumann charmingly refers to the main theme from her husband Robert Schumann's first violin sonata.The second romance is more wistful, with many embellishments. It is sometimes considered as representative of all three, beginning with a plaintive appetizer to its energetic, extroverted leaps and arpeggios, followed by a more developed section with the first theme present. The last movement, while very similar to the first but approximately the same length in time as the first two, features long-limbed melodies with rippling, bubbling piano accompaniment. An average performance is about ten minutes in duration.
Mbube
In Zulu, "Mbube" (EEM-boo-beh) means "lion." During his childhood, Linda had worked as a herder protecting cattle in the African hinterlands. The main predator was the lion. The spartan lyrics of his song center on the phrase "mbube zimbe," or "lion stop." When Linda and his group, the Original Evening Birds, cut a 78-rpm recording of the song in 1939, it became the first African record to sell over 100,000 copies.
Wimoweh.
For the last 50 years, that happy little word has been a universally recognized shorthand for the song known as "The Lion Sleeps Tonight." From Pete Seeger's version in 1952 (titled "Wimoweh") to the Tokens' No. 1 single in 1961 to its featured role in the hugely popular Disney film and Broadway musical The Lion King, the song has enchanted generations, sold millions of copies and passed into the world's musical vernacular as a modern folk tune.
Les Mis
Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, and his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade.
hard Knock Life
With music by Charles Strouse and lyrics by Martin Charnin, this song debuted in the 1977 Broadway musical Annie as the cast of orphans lament their struggles laboring for the unscrupulous Miss Hannigan. The play follows Annie's adventure as she meets the wealthy Daddy Warbucks, who tries to help her find her real parents. Strouse notes how this song stands out from the rest of the Annie repertoire: "Most of the songs in Annie are very 1920s, more upbeat, but 'Hard Knock Life' had to reflect the fact that the kids in the story were underprivileged and exploited. So I wrote a very angry, angular melody, quite unlike the other songs.
Jay-Z spun this into the innovative rap song, "Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem)," in 2002, where he likened the hardships of the orphans to the struggles of kids growing up in the ghetto.
Black man
is a track on the 1976 Stevie Wonder album Songs in the Key of Life. The song was written by Wonder and Gary Byrd. The song was written about Wonder's desire for worldwide interracial harmony, and criticism of racism, as evidenced in earlier works such as "Living for the City". The lyrics referred prominently to Crispus Attucks, widely considered the first martyr of the American Revolution. Wonder deliberately chose this theme as the United States Bicentennial was underway at the time of recording.
The song uses color-based terminology; (i.e. black, red, yellow, white, brown) to describe different racial groups and although this language has become less acceptable culturally, these terms are mentioned below, as in the original form of the song, along with the activity for which the song holds each historical figure to be famous
Mathew Henson
Black 1st black arctic explorer
Sing Kee
Yellow Soldier of G company who won honors for heroism in WWI
Squanto
Red Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.
Cesar Chavez
Brown 1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
Dr Charles Drew
Black Was a medic , and helped create blood banks
Sacagawea
Red A Shoshone woman whose language skills and knowledge of geography helped Lewis and Clark
Hayakawa
Yellow famous educator and semanticist who made outstanding contributions to education in America
Garrett Morgan
black invented the world's first stop light and the gas mask
Harvey William Cushing
white American surgeon who was one of the founders of neurosurgery
Benjamin Banneker
black scientist who taught himself calculus and trigonometry. He also helped design the capitol in Washington D.C.
Hiawatha
Red Legendary founder of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy
Michio Kushi
yellow leader of the first macrobiotic center in America
Jean Baptiste
black founder of the city of Chicago in 1772
Dennis Banks
Red Native American leader in 1960s and 1970s; helped organize American Indian Movemnent
Luis de Santángel
white Jewish financier who raised funds to sponsor Christopher Columbus' voyage to America
Harriet Tubman
black United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
T. J. Marshall
black inventor of the fire extinguisher
Thomas A Edison
white American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
Dr Daniel Hale Williams
black doctor who pioneered open heart surgery
Bruce lee
yellow pioneer of martial arts in America
Pedro Alonso Niño
brown guide on the first Columbus trip
Crispus Attucks
A free black man who was the first person killed in the Revolution at the Boston Massacre.

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