119 terms

American History Exam

Native Americans passed down their traditions from generation to generation through.
A. Barter
B. Oral History
C. Written Records
D. Trade routes
Spain decided to back Columbus's voyage to the west in the hopes that it would.
A. Help to finally defeat the Muslims.
B. Make Columbus rich and famous.
C. Give Spain a trading advantage over Portugal.
D. Bring an end to feudalism in Europe.
Slavery in Africa differed from slavery as it developed in the Americas in that.
A. Women and children were not enslaved.
B. Only complete families were enslaved.
C. Enslavement lasted only seven years.
D. Slaves could move up in society and out of slavery.
Which one of the following best describes the main types of vegetation regions in West Africa?
A. Mountain oaks and desert mesquites.
B. Dryland, roots, and pine nuts.
C. Rain forests, savanna, and desert
D. Woodlands and swamps.
Which of the following best describes the Northwest Passage?
A. John Cabot's sailing across the Atlantic Ocean from England.
B. Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation the world.
C. Water route across North America.
D. The Puritans' route from Englands to Massachusetts.
Spain wanted to establish missions to.
A. Convert Native Americans to Spanish religion and customs.
B. Reduce the Spanish population
C. Provide work for hidalgos
D.Help Spanish settlers to adapt to Native American culture.
The Virginia colony survived largely because the English colonists.
A. Were well cared for by the Virginia Company
B. Developed lasting friendship with Native Americans
C. Worked cooperatively for the good of the colony
D. Began growing tobacco for sale
The Puritans migrated to New England to
A. Escape religious persecution
B. Establish catholic missions
C. Maintain the practices of the Anglican Church
D. Start enslavement of Native Americans
Which of the following did the most to shape the growth of New France?
A. The search for gold
B. The establishment of farming communities
C. The fur trade
D. The enslavement of Native Americans
In Colonial South Carolina and Georgia, most slaves worked
A. in cities
B. on fishing ships
C. in factories
D. on plantations
Increased Colonial production of staple crops like tobacco and rice led to.
A. a decrease in the use of indentured servants as a labor force
B. an increase in the number of slaves brought from Africa
C. the establishment of the Navigation Act
D. A lessening of the flow of immigrants to the colonies
Which of these is an accurate statement about British colonies?
A. Children benefited from an excellent system of public colonies
B. Politics and society were dominated by landowning men
C. Society provided equal opportunities for all groups
D. Society could not be divided into clear social levels
What effect did the Great Awakening have on religious life in the colonies?
A. It enhanced the political spiritual authority of ministers.
B. It reinforced the social order of the colonies.
C. It strengthened traditional Puritan teachings.
D. It helped make religion in the colonies more democratic
By the end of his life, Columbus had become.
A. A successful trader
B. A successful governor of Hispaniola
C. A veteran of four voyages to the Americas
D. A man of great prestige at the Spanish Court
Which of the following caused Jamestown near failure?
A. The discovery of gold and silver in the colony
B. Starvation, disease and lack of leadership
C. The failure of the tobacco crop
D. The swampy site chosen for this settlement
The Great awakening is best described as
A. The conversion of thousands of Native Americans to Christianity
B. He shift of many New Highlanders to the Quaker faith
C. Total rejection of Puritan ideas
D. A series of religious revivals in British colonies
An example of an uprising by slaves seeking to free themselves in the mid 1700's is the
A. Great Awakening
B. Stono Rebellion
C. MIddle Passage
D. Great Migration
Which of the following was a result of land shortage in the British colonies
A. the slave trade ended
B. Colonists pushed westward into Native American lands
C. Britain limited immigration to the colonies
D. Colonists began to fear starvation and rebellion
A colony over which an individual or group had been granted full governing rights was called a
A. Royal colony
B. Joint-stock colony
C. Proprietary colony
D. Self-sufficient colony
The population of the middle colonies was known for its
A. Lack of farming skills
B. Hatred of the other colonies
C. Diversity
D. Lack of religion
Where did the English Pilgrims and Puritan settle?
A. Jamestown
B. Roanoke
C. Massachusetts
D. St. Augustine
Ponce de Leon
La Salle
As a result of the French and Indian War,
A. Native Americans gained control of the Great Lakes region
B. Britain lost control of lands east of Mississippi River
C. France turned Canada over Britain
D. France gained control of Florida
The French and Indian War led to
A. A massive migration to Canada
B. A wakening of loyalty to Britain
C. Britain's withdrawal from the colonies
D. An increased dependence on Britain
The Sugar Act and Stamp Act are examples of how the
A. British continued to leave the colonies alone
B. British tried to raise money in the colonies
C. Colonists eagerly sacrificed to pay their war debts
D. British tried to stimulate colonial economies
The Revolutionary war began with the
A. Battle of Saratoga
B. Battle of Trenton
C. Battles of Lexington and Concord
D. Battle of Bunker Hill
What was a major advantage of Americans side in the Revolutionary war?
A. Patriots forces were fighting on their own territory
B. British forces were not well equipped
C. Americans had a well supplied, stable, and effective fighting force
D. The British strongly supported their forces fighting in the colonies
American victory in the Revolutionary War led to
A. Expanded political and legal power for women
B. The abolition of slavery in the Southern Colonies
C.The Strengthening of the Iroquois League
D. The spread of the idea of liberty at home and abroad
Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
A. Only congress had the power to tax
B. There was no legislature branch on government
C. State governments had no authority
D. Congress had no power to force the states to do what it wanted
Shay's Rebellion grew out of
A. Protest against a strong government under the Articles of Confederation
B. Unrest among Massachusetts farmers over taxes
C. Dissatisfaction with the outcome of the Annapolis Convention
D. The widespread desire for more power for state governments
What issue did the Great compromise resolve?
A. Representation in the legislature
B. Abolition of slavery
C. the veto power of the executive
D. when taxes were to be paid
The anti-federalists argued against the Constitution because they felt
A. It gave too much power to the people
B. It created a weak executive branch
C. It made the national government too strong
D. The Articles of Confederation did not need to be reformed
During his term, President Washington worked to develop a tone.
A. That was dictatorial
B. That was nonthreatening
C. of Modesty
D. of dignity
Alexander Hamilton supported the federal government
A. Declaring tariffs illegal
B. Dissolving Congress
C. taking on state's debts
D. Ending the tax on whiskey
Which of the following best describes Jeffersonian republicans?
A. They favored Federalist policies
B. They preferred loose construction
C. They wanted to restore monarchy
D. They preferred strict construction
Why was Jefferson not named President after he won the popular vote in 1800?
A. John Adams had more Electoral College votes
B. Aaron Burr had more Electoral College votes
C. Congress refused to agree to Jefferson's election
D. Jefferson did not have a majority of Electoral College votes
Which of the following occurred during the war of 1812?
A. Tecumseh's warrior won the Battle of Tippecanoe
B. The British navy lost many sea battles
C. British troops set fire to Washington D.C.
D. United States forces captured Canada
Which was a provision of the Missouri Compromise of 1820?
A. Missouri and Maine were denied statehood
B. Sates north of 36'30 N latitude would be free states
C. Slavery could not spread to any western lands
D. Free states could never outnumbered slave states
Which Statement best describes British-American relations after the French and Indian War?
A. The British began to respect American culture
B. The colonists began to question British authority
C. The British began to treat Americans as equals
D. The colonist became more dependent on Britain
The First Continental Congress voted to
A. End the boycott of imports from Britain
B. Call for the formation of colonial militias
C. Imprison all British tax collectors
D. Adopt the Declaration of Independence
The political ideas of Thomas Jefferson were greatly influenced by
A. The Olive Branch petition
B. The Albany Plan of Union
C. Coach Hanlon's History Class
D. The Enlightenment
The three fifths compromise resolved the issue of
A. How enslaved people were to be counted in the population
B. Whether the larger states could have more representatives in Congress
C. Whether Congress would have one or two houses
D. How many representatives each state would have in the Senate
One purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
A. explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase
B. Gain control over the Native Americans living west of the Mississippi
C. Drive the Spanish out of the lands of the Southwest
D. Drive the french out of the Fur trade forts along the Mississippi
The War of 1812
A. Was supported by all Americans
B. Was opposed by many Americans
C. Caused chaos in the United States
D. Destroyed relations between Britain and the United States
What was a major outcome of the French and Indian War?
A. The Native Americans surrendered the Great Lakes region
B. The French surrendered Canada to the British
C. The British promised independence to the colonies
D. The British turned over all of Canada to the French
The idea of natural rights is best defined as
A. Individuals duties to their government
B. The economic interests of the people
C. A government's powers over its citizens
D. Rights belonging to all people because they are human
John Adams estimated that colonists were split
A. One half Patriots and one half loyalists
B. One third Patriots, one third Loyalists and one third neutral
C. Two thirds Patriots and one third Loyalists
D. Two thirds Loyalists and one third Patriots
Which one of the following was a major accomplishment of the Jefferson administration?
A. Increasing the size of the army
B. Destroying the Bank of the US
C. the Louisiana Purchase
D. Driving the British out of Canada
Judicial Branch
Carries out the laws
Legislative Branch
Makes the laws
Judicial Branch
Interprets the laws
John Adams
1st vice president of the US
Pierre-Charles L'Enfante
French Artist and Architect
Benjamin Banneker
African American Mathematician
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of Treasury
George Washington
1st president of the US
Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of State
Which statement best describes population trends in the US from 1780 to 1830
A. The population grew older and gradually decreased in size
B. High Birth rates caused rapid population growth
C. The Native American population grew faster than the white population
D. Mass immigration from Europe resulted in overpopulation
In the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819,
A. The United States doubled its size
B. The Cherokees settled their dispute with the American government
C. Spain ceded Florida to the United States
D. The United States gained the right to build the Erie Canal
How did Native American migration differ from that of white Americans?
A. Most Native Americans migrated after being forced from their land
B. Most Native Americans migrated south instead of west
C. Most Native Americans migrated to reclaim their homelands, not to explore
D. Most Native Americans migrated to cities along the Atlantic Coast
Americans who believed in republican virtues called on women to
A. Take on new political and legal rights
B. Work outside the home
C. Become the recognized heads of families
D. Serve as examples of honesty and discipline
How did the invention of interchangeable parts revolutionize the way products like guns could be produced?
A. It demanded that the product maker have a higher level of skill than before
B. It slowed down the process of making goods, reducing profitability
C. It speeded up the manufacturing process, increasing profitability
D. It decreased the money businesspeople wanted to invest in factories
What was one effect of the invention of the cotton gin in 1793?
A. Thousands of southern plantation owners went bankrupt
B. The demand for slave labor increased
C. Laws called black codes were passed
D. Migration from the South to undeveloped lands in the west declined
Steam power and canal building were important because they
A. Allowed farmers to ship their goods to markets around the country
B. Caused a decline in the demand for slave labor
C. Discouraged the settlement of western regions
D. Increased the cost of transportation and communication
Preachers during the Second Great Awakening taught that
A. churches should be controlled by the wealthy
B. God can only be understood by highly educated people
C. Religion is for men only
D. Salvation is available to anyone, rich or poor
Which best describes woman's roles in the second great awakening?
A. They took turns writing and preaching weekly sermons
B. They assumed leadership roles with their churches
C. They worked together to help other and to spread Christianity
D. They did not take much part in it because it did not affect them
The great increase in the United States population during the period before 1830 was mostly a result of
A. immigration from Europe
B. An increase in the African slave trade
C. Immigration from Asia
D. An increase in the birth rate
The South in the early 1800's was
A. Crowded and bustling
B. Mainly rural
C. An area of high population density
D. Predominately an industrial society
In the early 1800s, American women were expected to
A. be involved in local politics
B. Serve as their husbands business partners
C. Serve as examples of republican virtues
D. Join the female missionary society
After the importation of slaves to the United States was burned,
A. the number of enslaved people shrunk by one half
B. The slave trade continued within the United States
C. Slavery grew faster in the North than in the South
D. Virginia outlawed slavery
Temperance societies worked to
A. Eliminate the consumption of alcohol
B. Reform education
C. End slavery
D. Promote woman's suffrage
All abolitionists agreed about
A. the importance of woman's participation
B. the need to work within the political system
C. What tactics to use in their struggle
D. The need to end slavery
The purpose of the Fugitive Slave Act was to
A. Provide safety for escaped slaves
B. Force all Americans to help catch escaped slaves
C. Offer freed slaves land in the West
D. Ban slavery in Washington D.C.
Unlike the South, the North of 1860
A. was committed to the free enterprise system
B. Was not prejudiced against African Americans
C. Was a thriving industrial society
D. Had a democratic form of government
Lincoln received attention during the Lincoln-Douglas debates for his view on
A. Prohibition
B. Slavery
C. Westward expansion
D. Judicial review
McCullouch Vs. Maryland
Supported the national bank and federal gov't powers over state
John Marshall
Chief Justice of Supreme Court
Gibbons Vs. Ogden
Federal gov't regulates interstate commerce not the states
Dartmouth Vs. Woodward
No state interference in contracts
Horace Mann
Taxes for public education
Emerson and Thoreau
Writers that inspired an American Renaissance in literature
Finney and Beecher
Good people make a good country
Dorothea Dix
Reform prisons by separating mentally ill from regular criminal population
William Garrison
A Bostonian that wanted to end slavery
Frederick Douglas
A former slave that spoke to encourage others to join the abolitionist movement
Stanton and Matt
Organized the 1st woman's right movement
Harriet B Stowe
Was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
What made the American industrial growth of the late 1800s?
A. the household economy
B. technological advance
C. government reforms
D. the development of labor unions
What revolutionized American communications in the late 1800s?
A. steam engines and steamships
B. A workable light filament
C. The telegraph and telephone
D. the development of labor unions
Critics of powerful industrialists referred to them as
A. Captains of industry
B. Robbor barons
C. philanthropists
the goal of the Sherman Antitrust act was to
A Encourage industries to form cartels
B Promote fair industrial competition
C Place higher taxes on business profits
D encourage the growth of business monopolies.
How did industrial growth affect affect the distribution of wealth in the US?
A. All Americans enjoyed a higher standard of living
B the income gap between farmers and factory workers widened
C Wealth was concentrated in the hands of a few industrialists
D The income gap between rich and poor grew smaller.
The government responded to the Pullman strike by
A Taking Pullman officials to court
B shutting down all railway operations
C Using federal troops to control the workers
D forcing unions and workers to negotiate
the expansion of American industry was sparked mainly by?
A public welfare programs
B technological advances and financial investments
C a decline in productivity in Europe
D Government involvement in the economy
the business cycle might best be described as
A Unbroken business expansions
B expansion followed by recession
C a long period of depression
D Wide unemployment
during the late 1800s children often worked in factories because
A their parents believed in the process of "natural selection"
B families needed the income to survive
C employers offered high wages to skilled children
D there were no public schools for children to attend.
The nation's first major labor strike was started by?
A. Anarchist in several city governments
B. Steel workers upset by the use of scabs
C. railway workers angered by wage cuts
D. Women protesting discrimination
Some employers forced workers to sign "yellow dog contracts" stating that?
A. workers would not join labor unions
B workers would work 12 hour days
C No scabs would be hired
D Women and children would be prohibited from the workplace.
One thing a person could do in 1900 but not in 1865 was?
A. ride on a train
B play a phonograph
C sew a dress
D read at night
The ability to communicate with a moving train improved railroads by?
A helping avoid collisions
B keeping trains "on time"
C allowing passengers to call home
D increasing profits
Without the Bessemer process, Americans might not have been able to create
A. train engines
B sewing machines
C the Morse code
D the Brooklyn bridge.
Why were industrialists during the age of big business called "captains of industry"?
A they were willing to use any means to win the war against their competition
B they increased the supply of goods and created many jobs
C They created a technological revolution with their ideas
D They drained the country of its natural resources.
By the end of the 1800s how did most Americans view industrialists?
A they admired them for trying to help consumers
B They respected their success at driving out the competition
C they did not trust them
D They believed that they had worker interest at heart.
Some workers, upset by the gulf between rich and poor, embraced socialism, but many more turned to?
A. "yellow dog" contracts
B. women and children
C. Labor unions
D. anarchism
Employers used all of the following in their attempts to crush labor strikes except?
A. "yellow dog" contracts
B. women and children
C. collective bargaining
D. Federal and state troops
The strike at the Carnegie plant in homestead eventually ended after Henry Frick
A. allowed steel workers to join the American Federation of Labor
B. Negotiated a contract with Eugene V. Debs
C. Shut down the plant
D. Was nearly assassinated by an anarchist
As a result of the Pullman Strike for the next 30 years the government
A. Supported labor unions
B tried to break up monopolies
C. Denied recognition to unions
D. Outlawed collective bargaining.
the British were increasing taxes on everything
Why did the colonists boycott British goods?
it resolved the representation in Congress
what was the great compromise?
Gives the court the power to declare whether or not something is constitutional.
What is judicial review?