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Literary Elements 1-60
Terms in this set (60)
Point of View
a literary device that depicts the manner in which a story is narrated/ depicted and who it is that tells the story.
a sort of introduction to a story that usually sets the tone for the story and acts as a bit of a backgrounder or a "sneak peek" into the story.
a very popular literary device wherein a word is used in a manner to suggest two or more possible meanings. This is generally done to the effect of creating humor or irony or wryness.
the practice of rhyming words placed at the end of the lines in the prose/ poetry.
Rhythm & Rhyme
refers to a pattern of rhymes that is created by using words that produce the same, or similar sounds; refers to the recurrence of similar sounds in prose and poetry, creating a musical, gentle effect.
even though it might be humorous and may "make fun", its purpose is not to entertain and amuse but actually to derive a reaction of contempt from the reader.
is used to identify and establish the time, place and mood of the events of the story.
refers to the practice of drawing parallels or comparisons between two unrelated and dissimilar things, people, beings, places and concepts by using the words "like" or "as" or "such as"
refers to one unit or group of lines, which forms one particular faction in poetry. The most basic kind is usually 4 lines per group, with the simplest rhyme scheme "a-b-a-b" being followed.
Stream of Consciousness
refers to an uninterrupted and unhindered collection and occurrence of thoughts and ideas in the conscious mind.
the intense feeling that an audience goes through while waiting for the outcome of certain events.
comes into play when a single word that influences or regulates two or more than two other words needs to be comprehended individually and in light of every particular ensuing word.
Refers to the practice of not using the formal word for an object/subject and instead referring to it by using another word that is intricately linked to the formal name/word. It is the practice of substituting the main word with a word that is closely linked to it.
Refers to a definitive stance the author adopts in shaping a specific emotional perspective towards the subject of the literary work. It refers to the mental and emotional disposition of the author towards the subject, which in turn lends a particular character or atmosphere to the work. The final tone achieved thus is instrumental in evoking specific, appropriate responses from the reader.
Any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature. It refers to the repetition of a specific theme dominating the literary work. They are very noticeable and play a significant role in defining the nature of the story, the course of events and the very fabric of the literary piece.
In literature, the use refers to a situation of poetic justice wherein the positive characters are rewarded and the negative characters are penalized. The word also sometimes refers to the character or medium by which this justice is brought about as Nemesis was the patron goddess of vengeance according to classical mythology.
Refers to words whose very sound is very close to the sound they are meant to depict. In other words, it refers to sound words whose pronunciation to the actual sound/noise they represent.
Significant literary device as it allows the author to use contradictory, contrasting concepts placed together in a manner that actually ends up making sense in a strange, and slightly complex manner. It is an interesting literary device because it helps to perceive a deeper level of truth and explore different layers of semantics while writing.
Refers to the use of concepts/ ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that a deeper level of meaning and significance is not revealed at first glace, but when it does crystallize, it provides astonishing insight.
A type of literary device whereby the author ascribes the human feelings of one or more of his/her characters to non-human objects or nature or phenomena. It is a type of personification, and is known to occur more by accident and less on purpose.
Refers to a particular placement of sentence elements such as the main clause of the sentence and/or its predicate are purposely held off and placed at the end instead of at the beginning or their conventional positions. In such placements, the crux of the sentence's meaning does not become clear to the reader until they reach the last part. While undeniably confusing at first, it lends a flair of drama and romanticism to a sentence and is greatly used in poetry.
Refers to the use of excessive language and surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner. The use of this literary device can be to embellish a sentence, to create a grander effect, to beat around the bush and to draw attention away from the crux of the message being conveyed.
One of the most commonly used and recognized literary devices. It refers to the practice of attaching human traits and characteristics with inanimate objects, phenomena and animals.
Refers to the sequence of events and happenings that make up a story. There is usually a pattern, unintended or intentional, that threads it together. It basically refers to the main outcome and order of the story.
is used to refer to the practice placing together similarly structure related phrases, words or clauses; the failure to maintain a balance in grammatical forms,
a literary device wherein the writer/ author depicts the occurrence of specific events to the reader, which have taken place before the present time the narration is following, or events that have happened before the events that are currently being unfolded in the story.
another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes.
refers to the use of indicative words/phrases and hints that set the stage for a story to unfold and give the reader a hint of something that is going to happen without revealing the story or spoiling the suspense.
when a character may have just gained a huge amount of power and the false belief that they are "untouchable"; another way of saying overly arrogant
the purpose is to create a larger-than-life effect and overly stress a specific point.
one of the strongest devices wherein the author uses words and phrases to create "mental images" for the reader.
it is typically constructed in the middle of a line to coordinate with the bit at the end of the same metrical line.
refers to the practice of changing the conventional placement of words. It is a literary practice typical of the older classical poetry genre.
is used to suggest the stark contrast of the literal meaning being put forth.
a literary device wherein the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another.
refers to a meaning or identity ascribed to one subject by way of another;the purpose is to take an identity or concept that we understand clearly and use it to better understand the lesser-known element.
establishes a one to one relationship between the writer and the reader where the latter is no longer a secondary player or an indirect audience to the progress of the story but is the main subject of the author's attention.
refers to a step-by-step process wherein a person within a story is brought to notice and then detailed upon in front of the reader. The initial step is to introduce with a marked emergence. After the arrival of the behavior is discussed, an insight into the thought-process is followed.
a literary device used for expressing a resistance the protagonist of the story finds in achieving his aims/ dreams. It occurs when the subject is battling his inner discord, may be at odds with his surroundings and lastly, may be pitted against others in the story.
the associations people make with words that go being the literal or dictionary definition.
refers to repetition of sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.
refers to the use of the dictionary definition or literal meaning of a word.
the distinctive tone or tenor of an author's writings. It is not just a writer's choice of words; it can include the mood, attitude, dialect and style of writing.
this term translates into 'double walker'. It refers to a character in the story that is actually a counterfeit or a copy of a real/ genuine character.
is an important literary tool that acts as the afterword once the last chapter is over. The purpose is to add a little insight to some interesting developments that happen once the major plot is over.
a literary device that is used as a descriptive device. It is usually used to add to a person or place's regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. These descriptive words and phrases can be used to enhance the persona of real and fictitious places, objects, persons and divinities.
its purpose is to substitute unpleasant and severe words with more genteel ones in order to mask the harshness.. The use is sometimes manipulated to lend a touch of exaggeration or irony in satirical writing. This device is used when writing about matters such as sex, violence, death, crimes and "embarrassing" topics.
refers to the use of phrases and words that are noted for possessing an extensive degree of notable loveliness or melody in the sound they create. It is predominant in literary prose and poetry, where poetic devices such as alliterations, rhymes and assonace are used to create pleasant sounds.
a symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract, concept is conveyed with the aid of a more corporeal object or idea being used as an example.
a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group.
a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference.
a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worth and understandability.
an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word.
a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas.
a short verbal accounting of a funny, amusing, interesting event or incident.
the act of lending a human quality, emotion or ambition to a non-human object or being.
used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another.
a reference to a concept, a person or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again.
repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase.
a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase.
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