browband-bridle does not rub/pinch base of ears; throatlash- fist fits between throatlatsh and cheek; crownpiece- two extra holes above cheeckpiece buckles; noseband- rests one finger below cheeckbones
How do you know when a saddle fits?
does not pinch, rock, or press on spine; can see all the way down gullet (without a pad); fit two fingers from head of saddle to withers; no pressing unevenly on shoulder blades/muscles; dip in center
How do you know when a standing martingale fits?
can be pushed up to touch pony's throat (when head in a normal position)
How do you know when a running martingale fits?
one inch of slack (when pony's head in a normal position); reins make a strait line from bit to riders' elbows
How do you know when a girth fits?
two holes above buckles when tightened & one below buckles (each side)
How do you know then a curb chain fits?
two fingers fit between curb chain & chin groove
How do you know when a bit fits?
two wrinkles or 1/4 inch on each side of mouth for snaffle; no more than one wrinkle on each side of mouth with a pelham/kinberwicke
How do you know when a figure-8 noseband fits?
upper strap behind cheekbones; lower strap in curb groove; can fit a finer under any part
How do you know when a flash noseband fits?
cavesson adjusted fairly high; chin strap below bit in curb groove; can fit a finger under any part
How do you know when a dropped noseband fits?
rests on end of nose bone; buckled below bit in curb groove; can fit a finger under it (pony should be able to chew)
How do you know when a breast collar (event or polo type) fits?
upper strap should be snug enough to keep breast collar from sliding down
How do you know when a breastplate fits?
can fit one hand at top of yoke; center strap loose
What are some effects of poorly fitting tack?
hurt pony by pinching, slipping or rubbing him; make pony act up; make saddle unsafe; make tack uncomfortable to ride in
How much food does Jazz get when developing fitness?
How much food does Jazz get when maintaining fitness?
How much food does Jazz get when taking the day off?
How much food does Jazz get when sick?
How much food does Jazz get when roughed out?
How to care for a stabled horse: Feed & Water
buckets hand at chest height; fed grain &hay at least twice a day; clean & enough water (hay feeder may be on floor) (salt available)
must be exercised every day; turnout for at least an hour
How to care for a stabled horse: Grooming
groomed (including pick-out feet) daily
How can you safety check a pasture?
fence safe & secure (no loose wire/broken boards); gate opens; no hazards (nails, barbed wire, holes, sharp objects); no poisonous plants; horses good with eachother
Rules for Fencing
at least 3'6"; tight & secure; visible to pony; wide gate; secure latch; well set posts; nothing sharp
What are some qualities of good water for a pastured horse?
clean, constant supply; running stream or clean stock tank (not a stagnant pond); not icy or frozen
What minerals would a pastured horse need?
salt in salt block or feeder with loose salt
What are some shelter requirements for a pastured horse?
can be: a 3-sided shed, part of barn open to pony, or a natural stand of trees/ windbreak like a large hedge; must be shelter for all ponies in field; clean
How should a pastured horse be fed? *If he is not meeting nutritional needs from pasture grass at any point
hay can be in feeder or ground; piles 30' apart with extra; multiple horses should be fed tied up or brought in; pay attention to pony & pasture's condition
How should a pastured horse be groomed?
should be checked daily for injury & ticks; hooves picked out daily; fly spray as needed
How should you feed a horse after strenuous work?
feed only when horse is warm, dry, & completely cooled out with blanket (if he wears one); feed a small amount; check every two hours after until late evening
How should you consider a mount's condition on a day of strenuous work?
if your horse is not breathing right cool down and stop; don't ride faster or harder than he is in condition for; be prepared to call it quits
How should you consider climate and terrain on a day of strenuous work?
your horse needs to be in the right condition for the environment; don't ride in hot weather if he has a long coat
How should you cool out your horse after strenuous work?
ease up gradually; dismount asap; when breathing is normal remove saddle & sponge; offer sips of water every few minutes
How should you check injuries after strenuous work?
pick out feet & check shoes; run hands down legs; after horse is cooled out check more thoroughly; be looking for lameness, swelling, cuts, overreaches, tenderness, sore spots
How can you make your horse comfortable after strenuous work?
let him loose in stall or sandy pen so he can roll or urinate (at home); give him hay & lukewarm water; don't wash sweat marks; keep pony warm/cool enough; may stable bandage
What are some safety measures for a day of strenuous work?
be prepared to do a serious hot-weather cool down; constantly check to make sure he is in good condition for the work; make sure he gets water; check every two hours after putting him away
How can you prepare your horse for strenuous work?
talk to your trainer/vet; create a conditioning several months before the event; check shoes a week before
How do you care for your mount on a day of strenuous work?
wrap for trailering; keep the environment & pony's condition in mind; warm up and ease down gradually; check for injuries
How do you care for your equipment for a day of strenuous work?
check & pack it the day before; lock items in trailer when away from trailer; remember pony comes first
Tell me about: Ornamental Yew Evergreen
landscaping shrub; very toxic; mouthful can be fatal; trembling, labored breathing, collapse
Tell me about: Rhododendron (Moutain Laurel)
ornamental shrub; depression, difficult breathing, collapse, coma
Tell me about: Poison Hemlock
grows in low, wet areas; harmless only in spring; loss of muscle strength (espcially in hind legs), tremors, coma
Tell me about: Chokeberry/Wild Black Cherry
grows on fences & hedges; especially dangerous when leaves are wilted; ten to twenty pounds can be fatal; heavy breathing, agitation, weakness, rapid death
Tell me about: Black Nightshade/Horse Nettle
vine with purple flowers, green & red berries; grows on fences, hedges, & in pasture; toxic from summer to fall; one to ten pounds can be fatal; colic, lack of coordination, weakness, depression
Tell me about: Bracken Fern
looks like a fern; found in wooded areas; horse must eat large amounts over 30-60 days for symptoms; causes inability to use thiamine; loss of appetite/coordination, standing with legs braced
Tell me about: Frosted Grass/ Lawn Clippings (not toxic plants but can be very harmful)
these grasses ferment which can cause a lot of gas and even colic
What are the main types of fencing?
wooden- safe, expensive, ponies may chew; plastic- safe, not chewable, expensive to install; woven wire- safe, best with wood board; electric-must be check to make sure is working; barbed wire- must be tight, bottom must be 2 feet high avoid