: an extended metaphor served be a narrative (a metaphor that lasts through the whole book, a long metaphor.)
: an indirect reference to something assumed to be known. Ex: Ben Franklin (literary, historical, pop culture allusions.)
: a word or phrase that's confusing because it has more than one meaning. Ex: I never had potatoes cooked like that before. (You cant tell whether their being sarcastic or not.)
: figurative language used to describe people or things with animal images. Ex: She walks like an elephant
: the character of force who opposes the protagonist, bad person of the story. Ex: Captain Beatty in FH451 he was a symbol for government
: figure of speech that addresses someone or something that cannot speak back. Ex: When the character is talking to a dead character, or when you're playing video games and cursing at it because you're losing.
: the author's statements about the characters personality. Character info through character thoughts or actions or words. Ex: (direct) Carlos is a generous person. (indirect) Carlos goes and volunteers to help at a soup kitchen. Conflict: an opposition or problem between two forces. Human vs. Human: Dad and Mom Human vs. Self: Me and me Human vs. Nature: Memo vs. the ocean Human vs. Idea: Bigger Tomas vs. Racism/Society Human vs. Supernatural: Audacious vs. Gods
: the context associate with an object/word. Ex: The gym teacher was a vicious alligator. You don't know anything about basketball let me school you. Positive or negative connotation.
: the strict meaning Ex: An alligator is a large crocodile with a large jaw.
Diction: the choice of the author's words. Ex: (formal) Dressing your words up. (informal) Dressing your words down. Code switching, depending on you audience. (It develops a character)
: a descriptive word used to bring up mental images and impressions and non-literal Ex: similes, metaphors, and personification, the top 3 types of figurative language.
: a method of ending a literary word where it started in to enclose it. Ex: Movies like SAW, it goes back to the begging of the story at the end of the movie.
: a category of literature characterized by form style or content. Ex: Drama/Plays, comedy, prose, poetry
: figure of speech that has been exaggerated. Ex: I'll wait for you till I die.
: a mental perception of a person place or thing in a book written in language that appeals to your senses. 1. Visual (see)- His head was shaped like a circle. 2. Auditoria (hearing)- the wind whistled in the air 3. Kinesthetic- She dashed through the room. 4. Olfactory (smell)- It smelled like fresh cut grass. 5. Tactile (touch)- The fabric was smooth. 6. Thermal (temperature)- The room is freezing. 7. Gustatory (appeals to taste)- It tastes like burned cookies. Often used for the description of the story.
: a contradiction of the expectation in reality Ex: "I hate you." Later they got married. Dramatic: Being able to determine what will happen in the future bit not character. Situational: when a strange event occurs that seems like the opposite of what was expected. Ex: Burning stress relieves candles. House catches on fire. You're a thief and you get robbed. Verbal: a statement in which it's meaning is different from the words actual meaning of intension of a speaker Ex: Sarcasm, The bad news is the operation was successful.
: the arrangement of two or more things side by side to show contrast. (Structural) Antithesis: using opposite words or phrases in a sentence. Ex: I burn and I freeze. One small step for a man, one giant leap for all mankind. Oxymoron: a contradiction of two terms that make sense Ex: Jumbo shirt, cold fire Paradox: the statement that appears contradictory it makes sense in a deeper level of thought. Ex: A fatherless child. You're a women now little sister.
: a statement when an author assorts the negative in order to affirm the positive. Ex: The weather on the west coast is not that bad. Litotes-Opposite of hyperbole.
: a direct comparison between two inline things that can use is or was. Ex: She is an average princess. My life had stood a loaded gun.
: the feeling or emotional atmosphere in a work (setting of the work) usually in the introduction.
: an element that is reoccurring in literature that supports the theme. Ex: The burning of the books. FH451
: the author's creation of a character/narrator not necessarily the authors voice. Ex: Langston Hughes, a poet, Mother to Son.
: giving non human things human characteristics (1 of the top3 types of figurative language.) Ex: The piece of paper jumped off the table.
POINT OF VIEW
: The point from which the narrator tells the story. First: Story told by the main characters point of view. Limited 3rd: the narrators telling the story from another persons/groups perspective. (Uses he or she.) Omniscient: the narrative is told form all perspectives. (Like God, knows it all.)
: the main character in the drama or literature, the one that gets the function of the conflict. Ex: FH451 Guy was the protagonist.
: the literary work referring to human habits and foolish actions to mock or make fun of. Ex: South park (political commentary)
: anytime place and social circumstances (mood) where a literary work is taking place, written in introduction. Ex: Verona in Italy. (Romeo and Juliet.) The woods in Little Red Ridding Hood.
: a comparison between two or more unlike things using and, like or as. Ex: She is as tall as a mountain. He is smart like a calculator.
: the point where the person is alone and speaking in thoughts revealed. (The character has to be alone.) Used in drama only. Ex: When Juliet was alone in the balcony and she thought there was no one around so she spoke about how she felt about Romeo.
: the way that the author uses words. Using word choice, structure, tone, and literary devices. Ex: Shakespearean English "But soft what light through yonder window breaks."-Romeo and Juliet
: a word, place, character, or object in order to represent the whole. Ex: Sabers=Strong
: using part of an object in order to represent the whole Ex: Keep an eye on him. This is a type of figurative language. Synecdoche-Neck id the part of the body that connects the whole body.
: a literary device where one sense describes another. Shifted imagery. Ex: The color blue sounds so sad.
: words and phrases that are arranged in grammatical structure. Ex: Victor went to the store. Victor=Subject went=verb store=object Went to the store, Victor did,
: the central idea or meaning of the book. All themes should be written in Universal complete statement. NO ONE WORD THEME. Ex: Technology over all is hurtful to humanity. -FH451
: the author's attitude towards the reader about the subject. Ex: worry, uneasy, disgusted=Sad Sociable, gracious compassionate=Friendly
: the author's point of view about society. Usually comments on work, social class, money, race, gender. Ex: I sometimes think drivers don't know what grass or flowers are. —Clarisse McClellan FH451
: the author's point of view about politics. Anything about war, elections, laws, etc. Ex: War, FH451