Blood test

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The discovery of human blood groups was due to the work of
Karl Landsteiner
The formed elements of blood are
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes
Leeches are used in medicine as the contain a(n)
Anticoagulant
Sickling of red blood cells can be produced in those with sickle-cell anemia by ________.
travel at high altitude and vigorous exercise
The two organs responsible for destroying RBCs are ___________. This process is called ____________.
Liver and spleen; hemolysis
Something that artificial blood cannot do and real blood can is
Coagulate and help decent against pathogens
The percentage of red blood cells is the
Hematocrit
When an antigen and an antibody react, as a result of a mismatched transfusion, their reaction is called
Agglutination
Platelets
stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break
Erythropoietin is released in response to
Hypoxemia
Normal blood oxygen levels
Inhibit the release of EPO
The two organs responsible for releasing EPO are
Kidneys and liver
When leukocytosis happens from the bone marrow producing too many immature granulocytes very suddenly, it is called
Acute myeloid leukemia
A patient with hemophilia is missing clotting factor_________ and can be treated with the diffusion of this factor, thanks to___________
8; plasma fractionation
What are the characteristics of anemia
Reduced hemoglobin, and about credit below 40%, lack of iron, B12 deficiency
When can erythroblastosis fetalis not possibly happen in the child of an Rh negative mother?
If the father is Rh negative
Why did commercial blood donation eventually cease
Lawsuits and spread of disease
What is the average normal pH of blood
7.4
What mainly accounts for the difference between the amount of blood a male produces compared to a female
Hormones
What is the condition called when Bilirubin does not get excreted by the body in the normal cycling and hemolysis of erythrocytes
Jaundice
What are some symptoms/characteristics of leukemia
Fatigue, frequent infections, easy bruising, anemia, increased with WBC count
Which formed element is the most abundant and what is its percentage of formed elements
erythrocytes, 99%
The average functional lifecycle of a red blood cell is
120 days
What was the one thing that blood was tested for in the early days of blood donation
Syphilis
Which of the following are not true about plasma
...
A person with both A and B surface antigens can donate blood to
Type AB
A person with anti-A antibodies could have which blood type(s)
Type B and Type O
A person with only B surface antigens can receive from
Type B and Type AB
Which blood type has no antibodies
O
When the spleen destroys RBCs because they are abnormally shaped; treatment is splenectomy
Hereditary Spherocytosis
When chemotherapy or radiation has destroyed bone marrow, so that erythropoietin cannot happen sufficiently
Aplastic Anemia
When a RBC is an abnormally shaped and can cause clotting, pain and shortness of breath; transfusions are needed
Sickle cell anemia
What are toxic chemical is in the bloodstream and is destroying rbc's too often and too soon
Hemolytic Anemia
when the blood is contaminated with pathogens
septicemia
When hemoglobin content is reduced, and Oxygen cannot bind
Iron Deficiency Anemia
The process of blood clotting
coagulation
destroys RBCs as a macrophage
Monocytes
Releases histamine during inflammatory reactions
basophil
attempts to destroy parasitic worms
eosinophils
excreted after hemolysis
...
effective in killing bacteria
Neutrophils
binds oxygen to erythrocyte
Hemoglobin
a t cell or b cell
Lymphocytes
platelets are cell fragments of this cell
Megakaryocytes
cell surface molecule on an erythrocyte
Antigen
Substance that reacts to a specific antigen
antibody