4.6 exam prep - 87% Passing is Passing Yo
Terms in this set (113)
Why do Lean-Agile Leaders try to connect the silos of business, system engineering, hardware, software, test, and quality assurance?
To align around value
Which statement describes one element of the CALMR approach to DevOps?
Establish a work environment of shared responsibility
Which statement is true about Work-In-Process (WIP) limits?
Lower limits improve flow [4-5]
What replaces detailed requirements documents?
Which two statements describe the responsibilities of the Product Owner? (Choose two.)
Single voice for customer and stakeholders, and to own and manage team backlog [2-15, 2-17]
implementing quality in Lean-Agile environment
What is an example of a Program event?
Scrum of Scrums
What is the goal of the SAFe House of Lean model?
Which responsibility belongs to the Product Owner in the team?
To sequence backlog items to program priorities, events, and dependencies
Which two views does the Iteration Review provide into the Program? (Choose two.)
How the team is doing in the Program Increment, and how the team did on the iteration (sprint) [4-38]
What is an example of a modified Fibonacci sequence?
...5, 8, 13, 20, 40...
What is the benefit of separating release elements from the Solution?
Allows Agile teams to do "Dark" launches, or untested Features [4-26]
The Agile Release Train aligns teams to a common mission using a single Vision and what else?
The Program Backlog [2-21]
The "3 Cs" is a popular guideline for writing user stories. What does each of the three C's represent? (Choose three.)
Card (WIT, Feature, User Story), Conversation (Acceptance Criteria), and Confirmation (Acceptance) [3-10]
What is the role of the System Architect/Engineer?
To guide the teams and support the Architectural Runway [2-21]
What is typically included in the Definition of Done for the team increment?
Stories are accepted by the Product Owner [4-37]
The Inspect and Adapt event always starts with which activity?
The PI System Demo [5-38]
When should a component team be used
To gain the fastest velocity with well-defined interfaces [2-12]
Iteration Planning, Iteration Review, and Backlog Refinement are examples of which type of event?
Team events [5-31]
Which factor helps unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers?
Which practices are demonstrated during the Inspect and Adapt event?
Reflect, problem solve, and identify improvement actions
Which statement describes a cadence-based PI Planning event?
It is an all-hands, two day event with the goal to identify impediments that could happen [5-4]
Which statement is true about Iteration planning for Kanban teams?
Kanban teams publish Iteration Goals [3-33]
Which concepts are part of Kanban for teams?
Visualize work flow, limit WIP, improve flow [1-52]
What is one of the typical Kanban class of service for Agile Teams?
Why is the modified Fibonacci sequence used when estimating?
It reflects the uncertainty in estimating larger items
A Cumulative Flow Diagram focuses on which curves?
Arrival curve ("to-do") and Departure curve ("done")
What is the recommended size of an Agile Team?
5-9 people (7 +/- 2) but 5-11 on test
SAFe Core Values
Built-in Quality, Alignment, Program Execution, and Transparency
What is the role of the Scrum Master?
To act as a servant leader who helps teams self-organize, self-manage, and deliver using effective Agile practices
What are two reasons Agile development is more beneficial than waterfall development? (Choose two.)
It allows businesses to deliver value to the market more quickly
It increases productivity and employee engagement
If the PI System Demo shows the current state of the Solution, then who is this demo intended for?
The Business Owners
Which statement is true about the PI Planning event?
Everyone in the program over two day period
Goal of SAFe House of Lean model
How does relentless improvement support value in the SAFe House of Lean?
It optimizes the whole
What is the purpose of the Iteration Review?
1. To serve as a forecasting meeting where the work is estimated for the Program Increments [4-34]
2. How the team did on the Iteration
3. How the team is doing on the Program Increment
An Agile Team collects the Iteration metrics they have agreed upon during which part of the team retrospective?
During the quantitative part of the team retrospective [4-40]
What is the role of the Release Train Engineer?
1. To coach teams to improve their results
2. To serve as the Scrum Master for the Agile Release Train
During Iteration Execution, a team's velocity tends to be most affected by what?
Changing team size, team makeup, and technical context
How can a technical exploration enabler be demonstrated?
Show the knowledge gained by the exploration [3-11]
Which three questions should each team member answer during the Daily Stand-up? (Choose three.)
What did I do yesterday to advance the Iteration goals?
What will I do today to advance the Iteration goals?
Are there any impediments that will prevent the team from meeting the Iteration goals? [4-30]
Which practice promotes built-in quality?
Backlog refinement [4-32]
What are the four levels of the Scaled Agile Framework?
Team, Program, Large Solution, Portfolio [1-15]
What visibility should Scrum Masters provide during the Agile Release Train Sync?
Visibility into progress and impediments
Which statement reflects one of the steps for setting initial velocity?
The team members assess their availability, acknowledging time off and other potential duties [3-23]
Which activity is key to successfully implementing the Scaled Agile Framework?
Use a cadence-based PI Planning process
Jane is a Product Owner. It is day seven of the Iteration and her team tells her that they may miss their Iteration commitment. What should Jane do?
Agree to add a person from the System Team to complete the work
Quality is first and foremost a function of what in a Lean-Agile environment?
Culture of shared responsibility [4-22]
What are the Five Core Competencies of the Lean Enterprise introduced by SAFe 4.6?
1. Lean-Agile Leadership
2. Team and Technical Agility
3. DevOps and Release on Demand
4. Business Solutions and Lean Systems Engineering
5. Lean Portfolio Management
On the seventh day of the iteration, the team realizes that they will not complete 5 of 13 Stories. The Product Owner (PO) says she cannot negotiate the scope of the remaining Stories any further. What is the PO's best course of action?
Stop the current iteration and plan new iteration with new knowledge
What is the major benefit of reducing batch size?
What is one responsibility of the Scrum Master?
To remove impediments in order to help protect the team
Which statement is true about Features and Stories?
Features can be larger than an Iteration, but Stories should be small enough to fit into an iteration. Each Feature should have at least five stories.
What best supports Innovation in the SAFe House of Lean?
Fast learning cycles
What information does Cumulative Flow Diagram provide?
The data for the team to identify current bottlenecks
Which two statements describe and Agile Release Train
1. It is the primary value delivery construct in the Scaled Agile Framework
2. It is long lived, self-organizing, virtual organization of 5-12 Agile Teams that plan, commit and execute
Which statement defines the purpose of Iteration Planning?
It is to organize the work and define a realistic scope for the Iteration
A decrease in variability leads to an increase in what?
What are two behaviors of an effective Scrum Master?
1. To facilitate the team's progress towards the Iteration goals
2. To act as a servant leader and exhibit Lean-Agile leadership
Which statement describes the balance between emergent design and intentional architecture when talking about building quality?
It is required for speed of value and solution intent
What is one recommended way of splitting Features into Stories during a PI Planning event?
Implement the simplest variant of the functionality first them implement the rest as an enhancement
Which statement describes the event that occurs at the end of each Iteration to identify the team's opportunities for continuous improvement?
The Iteration Retrospective
What should be taken into account when estimating Story point size?
Product Management is responsible for "what gets built" as defined by the Vision, Roadmap, and what else?
Which statement is true about Iteration Planning?
It is required for every Iteration to enable fast learning cycles
What are three practices of Extreme Programming (XP)?
1. Pair Programming
2. Continuous Integration
3. Test-driven Development
The Scrum Master wants to establish a team's initial velocity. A team has two testers, three developers, one full-time Scrum Master, and a Product Owner split between two teams. What is their normalized velocity before calculating time off?
What is one key benefit of a Backlog Refinement session?
It provides time to identify dependencies and issues that could impact the next iteration
The Release Train Engineer is a servant leader who displays which two actions or behaviors?
1. Creates an environment of mutual influence
2. Listens and supports teams in problem identification and decision-making
The Daily Stand-up timebox should not exceed how many minutes?
A user story includes which three things?
Continuous Deployment (CD) has six elements that, when followed, keep each team member, team, and the Agile Release Train on track. Which two statements best describe elements of CD?
1. Maintain a staging environment that emulates production
2. Automate testing features and Non-functional Requirements
Which statement describes a cross-functional team?
Each team can define, build and test a component or feature
How does a Team Demonstrate Progress?
With an Iteration Review
When is the System Demo conducted during Program Execution?
At the end of every iteration
What is the recommended length of an iteration?
What is the goal of the PI Planning event?
To create a plan for the upcoming PI showing how stories map to the iteration
Which statement is true of the Iteration Goals?
They align a team to a common vision of work in the iteration
Which statement is true about pair work in the Scaled Agile Framework?
It comes from pair programming in Extreme Programming (XP)
Which statement describes the information within a Story?
A story provides just enough information for the intent to be understood by both business and technical people
What is Scrum?
A lightweight process for cross-fucntional, self-organized teams
During the Inspect and Adapt event, how are reflection, data collection, problem solving, and identification of improvement actions used?
To increase the quality and reliability of the next PI
A team finishes developing all of their Stories in the first six days of the Iteration, test them in the following two days, and fixes bugs in the days remaining. How is the team behaving?
They are waterfalling the Iteration
Which statement is true about the purpose of a Work-In-Process constraint?
It encourages collaboration and enables flow
What does a Program Board help Teams identify?
Dependencies between teams
Which practice promotes built-in-quality?
The CALMR approach to DevOps includes Automation, Lean Flow, Measurement, and Recovery. What does the "C" represent?
What is the role of the Product Owner?
To represent the customer to the Agile Team. To write the stories that make up the team backlog.
What type of visibility should Product Owners provide during the Agile Release Train Sync?
Visibility into Scope and Priority backlog
Which two statements describe Agile Release Train?
1. It is long-lived, self-organizing, virtual organization of 5-12 Agile teams that plan, commit, and execute together
2. It is primary value delivery construct in the SAFe Agile Framework
What type of information can be easily seen in Cumulative Flow Diagram?
Work in Progress across the team. The data for the team to identify current bottlenecks.
According to definition of "Done", who must provide final approval?
The Release Management
What is one of the six steps in problem solving workshop?
Identify the biggest root cause using Pareto analysis
What is the benefit of separating release elements from Solution?
It allows the release of different Solution elements at different times
During iteration execution, a team's velocity tends to be most affected by what?
Changing team size, team makeup, and technical context
User Stories include which three things?
Jane is a Product Owner. It is day seven of the iteration and her team tells her that they will miss their iteration commitment. What should Jane do?
Support pulling a story that has not been started.
Why do Lean-Agile Leaders try to connect the silos of Business, System Engineering, hardware, software, test, and quality assurance?
To optimize vertical communication
The "3 Cs" is a popular guideline for writing user stories. What does each of the the Cs represent?
Which statement is true about Iteration planning for KanBan Teams?
Kanban teams publish iteration goals
If the PI Systems Demo shows the current state of the Solution, then who is the demo intended for?
Which two statements describe the responsibilities of the Product Owner?
1. To own the Team Backlog
2. To be a single voice for the customer and stakeholders
When should a component team be used?
To obtain high reuse and technical specialization with a focus on non-functional requirements
What is an example of a Program Event?
Scrum of Scrums
What are two reasons Agile Development is more beneficial than waterfall development?
1. It allows businesses to deliver value to the market more quickly
2. It increases productivity and employee engagement
What are the SAFe core values?
1. Built-in Quality
2. Program Execution
Inspect and Adapt event always starts with which activity?
The PI systems demo
Modified Fibonacci Sequence
5, 8, 13, 20, 24
Which is an example of a part of an Iteration Retrospective?
Team discussion around opportunities for continuous improvement
How does a team demonstrate progress?
Agile Team measures and then demonstrates its progress by showing working stories to the Product Owner (PO) and other stakeholders to get their feedback.
Which activity happens in the Inspect and Adapt workshop?
Refining the Program Backlog
An Agile team has which two characteristics?
1. Agile Team is cross-functional group of 5-11 people who have the responsibility to define, build, test, and where applicable deploy, some element of Solution value
2. A group of dedicated individuals who are empowered, self-organizing, self-managing, and deliver value
Which situation should use the Large Solution SAFe configuration?
Organizations that operate in an environment which requires compliance for high-assurance systems