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31 terms

Ancient Greece, 6th grade

STUDY
PLAY
Sparta
had the goal of a strong army; used the battle cry "Return with your shield or on it!"; women received physical training so they would produce strong, healthy babies
oligarchy
means "rule by the few"; form of government that Athens and Sparta had in common
tyrants
strong leaders who came to power and ruled in Athens
Pericles
a great orator who wanted to rebuild Athens after the Persian Wars
myth
Greek stories about gods and heros; sometimes used to explain things in nature
Greek gods
were human-like; immoral, jealous, vengeful, selfish
ancient Greek women
not allowed to vote or participate in government meetings
Athens
a city state that used an early form of democracy where male citizens attended meetings of the Assembly
Salamis Bay
important battle where the Greeks fought the Persians
Aristotle
Greek philosopher who was the first to use the scientific method; tutored Alexander the Great
The Muses
the goddesses of the arts
Homer
Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
optical illusion
when an object appears to take a shape it doesn't really have
music
art form that the Greeks considered the greatest
pedagogues
servants who accompanied wealthy boys to school in ancient Greece
philosopher
means lover of wisdom
Xerxes
led the Persian troops against Greece
Parthenon
temple on top of the Acropolis; in the Middle Ages it was used as a Christian church
stylus
used by Greeks to write on a wax coated tablet
Socrates
Greek philosopher who taught his students by using questions
agora
Greek marketplace that had open-air buildings called porches
Herodotus
"Father of History"
Hippocrates
wrote an oath that is taken by many doctors
Acropolis
hill overlooking Athens that was the center of religious life
Olympics
ancient Greek festival of athletic games
Peloponnesus
the southern portion of the Greek peninsula
Peloponnesian War
A war, lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
Mt. Olympus
Mythical home of the highest Greek gods and goddesses
The Academy
the school Plato started
comedy and tragedy
the most common types of Greek drama
Greek language
the most important contribution the Greek culture gave to the Western world