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had the goal of a strong army; used the battle cry "Return with your shield or on it!"; women received physical training so they would produce strong, healthy babies
a city state that used an early form of democracy where male citizens attended meetings of the Assembly
Greek philosopher who was the first to use the scientific method; tutored Alexander the Great
A war, lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
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