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19 terms

Stanza Patterns - Definitions

Definitions of stanza patterns. See my other stanza quizzes.
STUDY
PLAY
couplet
two lines
tercet
three lines
quatrain
four lines
quintain
five lines
sestet
six lines
septet
seven lines
octet
eight lines
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
heroic couplet
rhymed, closed, iambic pentameter couplets.
sonnet
fourteen lines in iambic pentameter with one of several rhyme schemes
English sonnet
sonnet that rhymes ababcdcdefefgg, has three quatrains and a couplet. The quatrains present a problem and the couplet makes a comment on it.
Italian Sonnet
sonnet that rhymes abbaabba in the octet with some combination of cd and e in the sestet. Octet presents the problem, and the sestet resolves it.
Spenserian sonnet
sonnet with difficult rhyme scheme, ababbcbccdcdee.
Irregular sonnet
sonnet with any rhyme scheme the poet wants.
ballad stanza
quatrain rhyming abcb with the odd-numbered lines in iambic tetrameter and the even numbered lines in iambic trimeter.
Spenserian stanza
nine-line stanza with first eight lines in iambic pentameter, and the ninth is an alexandrine, a six-foot line. Rhyme scheme is ababbcbcc.
terza rima
tercets rhyming aba, bcb, cdc, etc. with interlocking rhyme.
Chaucerian stanza
seven line stanza in iambic pentameter and rhymes ababbcc.
Burns stanza
six-line stanza rhyming aaabab. Lines 1,2, 3 and 5 are tetrameter, and lines 4 and 6 are dimeter.