a reference (either direct or indirect) to a literary work or a historical figure or event.
fairy tales usually include... (just good ideas to remember for exam :) )
once upon a time-beginning, happily ever after/the end- ending, prince/princess, problem, evil force, someone offers guidance, talking nature, magic- kiss and love, singing, setting-far off land, long ago, transformation, moral/lesson, universal theme, stereotyping
an artistic/literary work that ridicules its subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and/or parody
to enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (ex. sweltering summer in Dr. King's "I Have a Dream" speech)