16 terms

Chapter 5 Section 4-5

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Messiah
Anointed king sent by God. Some Jews under Roman rule thought one would soon appear to lead them to freedom.
Apostle
The 12 disciples of Jesus that helped him in his mission. After here years, they went to Jerusalem to spread his message. In Greek, it means "a person sent forth".
Paul
A Jew from Asia Minor who helped spread Christianity. He started spreading the word of Jesus after having a vision of Jesus speaking to him. He helped Christianity become more than a sect of the Jewish religion. His letters eventually become part of the New Testament.
Martyr
A person who dies or suffers for their beliefs. Christians, like Peter and Paul, were killed in times of persecution are known as this.
Constantine
He was an emperor that ended the persecution of Christians. He issued the Edict of Milan which allowed all Romans to worship whatever they choose.
Clergy
A group of men that conduct Christian services. Each Christian community and this group were put together in a diocese.
Bishop
Theses high church officials resided over the priest and everyone else in the diocese.
Patriarch
Bishops of high authority took this honorary title and were able to have authority over other bishops in the area. This helped develop the church into a hierarchy.
Pope
Patriarchal bishops of Rome sought for this title to claim authority over all other bishops.
Heresy
Beliefs that went against what the official church teachings. This diversions were only solved when councils of the church met to decide the official teachings.
Augustine
One of the greatest of the early church scholars. He was the bishop of Hippo in North Africa and was able to combine parts of Christianity, Greco-Romanism, and Plate together.
Diocletian
An emperor that restored power by dividing the governing powers into two. He ruled the wealthier part and his partner Maximian ruled the rest.
Inflation
The rapid raise of prices. Diocletian took steps to end the empire's economic decay by preventing this and did so by fixing the prices of many goods.
Constantinople
Constantine renamed Byzantium this. He made this empire, a "New Rome", the eastern empire center of power.
Huns
Nomadic people from East Asia that set off a chain of events that shake up Rome. Over the years, they became extremely skilled warriors who Rome eventually surrendered many territories to.
Mercenary
Paid foreign soldiers that Rome hired to protect the city and borders. They were hired when Roman soldiers lacked the discipline that the nation once had.