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Terms in this set (49)
What is the cell wall made of?
What does cellulose provide?
A protected framework for a plant cell to survive
What are cell walls also found in?
Bacteria, fungi, and some protozoa
What can a cell wall be made of?
Carbs such as cellulose and chitan
Are cellulose and chitan digestible carbs?
Where is the cell membrane found?
In all cells
What is the cell membrane composed of?
Fluid like phospholipids bilayer, proteins cholesterol. and glycoproteins
What are the cell membrane's tasks?
Separation from outside environment, dictates what molecules enter and leave the cell, recognition of chemical signals, cell to cell recognition
Single celled animicule
Is the nucleus big?
Largest organelle found in eukaryotic cells
What does the nucleus do?
Controls all functions of the cell
Where is DNA found?
Nucleus and mitochondria
Where is the nucleolus found?
Inside the nucleus
What does the nucleolus produce?
Ribosomes which move out of the nucleus to positions on the rough er
What is cytoplasm?
A gel like fluid
Where is the cytoplasm?
The area between the cell membrane and the nucleus
How much water is in the cytoplasm?
What does the mitochondria do?
Provides the energy a cell needs to move, divide, and produce cell products
What is the mitochondria?
The power center of the cell
How big is the mitochondria?
Depending on the cell type
how many mitochondria are in each cell?
Some cells depending on the needs may have thousands
what are the two types of the endoplasmic reticulum?
Rough er, and smooth er
Where is the ER?
Around the nucleus extending throughout the cytoplasm in plant and animal cells
What are the ER?
A network of flattened sacs and branching tubules
In what type of cell is the rough ER found?
What is on the rough ER?
What does the rough ER do?
Manufactures, processes, and transports a ide variety of biochemical compounds for use inside and outside the cell
What are some examples of biochemical compounds?
Proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids (dna, rna)
What do ribosomes produce?
Does the smooth ER have ribosomes?
What does the smooth er produce?
What does the Golgi Apparatus do?
Packages, modifies, and ships proteins
What does the Golgi complex do?
Gathers simple molecules and combines them to make molecules that are more complex then takes those big molecules, packages them into vesicles, and either stores them for later use or sends them out of the cell
What are transportation options for the Golgi?
Vesicles (small transport) or vacuoles (large transport)
Storage and structure
Food and nutrient digestion
Single celled cross between plant and animal cells
What are lysosomes?
Specialized storage units
Where are lysosomes found?
In every animal-like eukaryotic cell
What do lysosomes hold?
Enzymes created by the cell
What is the purpose of lysosomes?
To digest things such as food
What does a lysosome have that is so important?
A self destruct button
What are the chloroplasts?
Food producers of plant cells
What do flagella look like?
Have whip like tail which enables them to swim
What are flagella mostly for?
Single celled organisms such as sperm
The main anchor for organelles (thick fibers)
What do microtubules and microfilament serve functions as?
Establishing a cell shape, providing mechanical strength, locomotion (movement)
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