36 terms

STAAR Review 1 - Colonies & Revolution (1492-1783)

This set represents the early part of the U.S. History STAAR material in covering the early period of American exploration, colonization, and revolution. (1492-1783)

Terms in this set (...)

1607, first permanent English settlement, Virginia, John Smith, tobacco, cash crop, starving time
(New England Colony) It was founded in 1620 by Seperatist Pilgrims for religious freedom.
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Virginia House of Burgesses
first legislative assembly in America
Thomas Hooker
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power.
William Penn
An English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance.
Anne Hutchinson
A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Her actions resulted in her banishment from the colony, and later took part in the formation of Rhode Island.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Treaty of Paris 1763
Ended French and Indian War, France lost Canada, land east of the Mississippi, to British, New Orleans and west of Mississippi to Spain
George Washington
Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, President of the Constitutional Convention; and first U.S. President. Helped create a strong central government.
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
Benjamin Franklin
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt
Patrick Henry
- revolutionary orator, statesman, and a member of the House of Burgesses; introduced seven resolutions against the Stamp Act; "Give me liberty or give me death"
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution," Federalist leader, and fourth President of the United States.
Thomas Paine
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
Abigail Adams
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
Wentworth Cheswell
Church leader, historian, and judge fought at the Battle of Saratoga. 1st African American elected to public office in America.
Mercy Otis Warren
American poet, dramatist, and historian whose proximity to political leaders and critical national events gives particular value to her writing on the American Revolutionary period. She is considered by some to be the first American woman to write primarily for the public, rather than for herself.
James Armistead
African American Patriot who spied for the Americans during the American Revolution.
Bernardo de Galvez
Governor of Louisiana, led Spanish armies against Britain during the American Revolution and closed the port of New Orleans to British ships
Crispus Attucks
The African-Native American man who was the first man to die in the Boston Massacre, also considered the first death in the Revolutionary War
Haym Solomon
Jewish immigrant to America - gave one million of his own money to help fight the British. He was never repaid. He died almost penniless.
Marquis de Lafeyette
19 year old french nobleman that volunteered to served in Washington's army - he believed in the American cause - "soldiers friend"
John Paul Jones
American Revolutionary War, Naval, hero and founder of the American Navy
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
Charles de Montesquieu
French political thinker whose ideas influenced the Declaration of Independence. He also favored the idea of separation of powers
George Mason
American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792)
Magna Carta
1215 document that listed the rights of English citizens and limited the power of the English monarch. Rights included trial by jury, no taxation without representation, protection of the law, and habeas corpus
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
Constitutional Convention
A meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the Constitution.
John Paul Jones