3rd 9 Weeks History Benchmark Practice Questions
Mr. Watson's Class
Terms in this set (50)
Which conclusion is best supported by the information in this timeline?
1776 - Declaration of Independence
1787 - U.S. Constitution
1789 - Declaration of the Right of Man
1948 - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A. Political change was inspired by violent revolution.
B. The French Revolution limited the spread of political
C. The American Revolution influenced other nations
D. Ideals of religious leaders led to theocratic
The American Revolution influenced other nations seeking equality
What was an immediate effect of the American Revolution?
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. -- That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,
-Declaration of Independence, 1776"
Political ideas influenced the citizens of other nations
About what percent of France's population belonged to the First and Second Estates?
About what percentage of France's population belonged to the Third Estate?
Prior to the French Revolution, which group was considered part of the Third Estate?
What happened in France on July 14 (Bastille Day)?
A mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder
During the French Revolution, the Great Fear led to:
Widespread unrest in the country
All of the following were causes of the Moderate Stage of the French Revolution except:
A. Dissatisfaction in the 3rd Estate.
B. The burden of the expanding debt.
C. Disillusionment with the King and Queen.
D. The tyranny of the Committee of Public Safety.
The tyranny of the Committee of Public Safety
A consequence of the radical stage of the French Revolution was the:
Execution of the King
Which group imposed the Reign of Terror?
The Committee of Public Safety
Which figure from the French Revolution led the Committee of Public Safety to carry out the Reign of Terror?
Robespierre's decision to eliminate his political enemies during the radical phase of the French Revolution was enforced by:
The Committee of Public Safety
Which leader's ideas of imperialism and militarism brought stability and order to revolutionary France?
In what way did the Agricultural Revolution pave the way for the Industrial Revolution?
It led to population growth, increased food supplies, and it caused farmers to lose land and seek other work.
What was the Industrial Revolution?
Increased output of machine made goods that began in England during the 18th century
• Spinning jenny
• Flying shuttle
• Spinning machine
• Water frame
Which event was influenced by these innovations?
Textile Machinery - Inventors and Inventions of the Early Industrial Revolution:
• James Hargreaves - spinning jenny, 1764
• Richard Arkwright - water frame, 1764
• Eli Whitney - cotton gin, 1792
Which feature of the Industrial Revolution is demonstrated by this list?
Growth of technology
Which natural resources best complete this chart?
Factors of Industrialization in England
Natural Resources -- ?
Entrepreneurship -- James Watt and Richard Arkwright
Labor -- Growing population and influx of foreign immigrants
Capital -- Joint stock companies and strong banking systems
Coal and river networks
What were the three factors of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
Land, labor, capital
The first major invention for the textile industry during the Industrial Revolution was the
Which of these best replaces the question mark?
Characteristics of ?:
- Originally used to pump water out of mines
- Powered industrial machinery in early factories
- Used to power trains
Characteristics of the Industrial Revolution
• Originated in Great Britain
• Changed the ways goods were produced
• Fostered advancements in technology
• Encouraged the development of urban areas
Which factors contributed most to these characteristics?
Free enterprise and competition
• Bills of exchange
• Business partnerships
The early spread of these innovations are evidence of which stage in Europe's economic development?
The transition from a mercantilist economy to capitalism
The Scottish engineer James Watt was responsible for improving and patenting which technology?
James Watt (1736-1819)
• Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer
• 1769 granted a patent for making major improvements to the steam engine
• 1784 granted a patent for the steam locomotive
Which statement best describes the contribution of James Watt to the Industrial Revolution?
His power source enabled mass production and distribution of goods
Which type of power was used by the British Empire to improve overseas trade and travel?
17th to 19th Century Industrialization
• Increase in coal mining output
• Improvements in agricultural production
• Innovations in electrical power systems
• Improvements in textile manufacturing
Which country first experienced these changes during the Industrial Revolution?
Which development is most associated with the Industrial Revolution?
Mass production of consumer goods
Which phrase best completes this diagram?
Mass production ---> ?
Goods became less expensive
Based on the information below, which term describes a major driving force of the Industrial Revolution?
"During the Industrial Revolution, business owners and investors were able to earn immense profits. Many used these profits to develop new technology, processes, and products that helped advance the Industrial Revolution."
In his writings, Karl Marx viewed Europe's social changes resulting from the Industrial Revolution as a:
What is the laissez faire policy?
A policy that let owners of industry set working conditions without government interference
The migration of people from rural areas to cities during the 19th century is an example of which trend?
Which phrase best completes this diagram?
Growth of manufacturing sector ---> ?
Increase in migration to urban areas
Which of the following was NOT a positive aspect of industrialization?
A. It created jobs for workers.
B. It increased a nation's wealth.
C. It improved living conditions in cities.
D. It increased the production of goods.
It improved living conditions in cities
What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?
Which one of the following statements about child labor during the Industrial Revolution is false?
A. Children worked long hours.
B. Children endured dangerous working conditions.
C. Children were required to receive an education.
D. Children were subject to harsh discipline at work.
Children were required to receive an education
How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
It made the population grow faster than the housing supply
Each of the following was an effect of industrialization except:
A. An increase in the size of the cities.
B. Poor living and working conditions.
C. The emergence of the new middle class.
D. An increase of movement to rural areas.
An increase of movement to rural areas
What was one result of the Industrial Revolution?
Manufacturing industries created a demand for urban laborers
A strong feeling of pride and devotion to one's country is called:
A country desiring to expand its power and wealth by seizing control of another country is engaging in:
Which motivation for imperialism is best reflected in this quotation?
"Why should we not form a secret society with but one object, the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole world under British rule . . . for making the Anglo Saxon race but one Empire? —Cecil Rhodes, British Imperialist"
A belief in a superior culture
What most accurately identifies the theme of Rudyard Kipling's The White Man's Burden?
Modernization of nonwestern peoples
Which African resources provided an economic motive for European powers to colonize the continent in the late 1800s?
Precious jewels and metals
Dividing up Africa among European countries was the goal of the:
What was the main purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885?
To prevent fighting of European nations over the division of Africa
What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885?
Europeans divided Africa into colonies without consulting African leaders
This timeline demonstrates how the British government...
History of British Relations with India
1619 - Mughal Emporer Jahangir permits the British East India Company to trade in India
1668 - East India Company takes control of textile trade in Bombay
1690 - East India Company founds textile trading post in Calcutta
1818 - The British assert control of western and central India by defeating the Maratha confederacy
1858 - Britain abolishes the East India Company and assumes direct rule
Used trade as the basis for establishing its empire in South Asia
Which factor is not an effect of imperialism in a country?
A. The use of different languages.
B. Increased religious diversity.
C. Global population exchanges.
D. The concentration of populations in cities.
The concentration of populations in cities