24 terms

archetypal settings, characters

STUDY
PLAY
day
safety; knowledge; order
night
danger; lack of knowledge; disorder
garden
ordered and controlled environment that is usually safe, happy, and nurturing
forest
dangerous garden; a place of trials; the unconscious; "lost in the _____"
desert
death; spiritual loss; hopelessness; isolation; wasteland
mountain
personal achievement; meeting place of heaven and earth; insight and enlightenment
cave
descent into the unconscious or inner self; a place to face innermost fears
river
ever-flowing time and eternal change; also boundaries and borders; general water imagery can represent purification or new life
sea
vast, alien, dangerous; waves represent infinity
islands and ships-at-sea
a microcosm of society; spiritual as well as physical isolation or exile
maze
difficult, confusing, challenging task; in order to escape from a ____, the hero must discover the essential reality of his nature
hero
exhibits outstanding qualities; embodies the ideals of society; embarks on a quest, confronts his adversary, has an epiphany, and returns
innocent
a child or naive young man who has been sheltered from evil; often wears white; this character moves from innocence to experience through a trial and initiation process
white
innocent often wears _____
outcast
a figure who is banished from society for some crime (real or imagined) against his fellow man; destined to wander from place to place
shadow
an alter-ego or double; represents the hidden or repressed parts of a character
villain
an evil character who attempts to destroy the hero
earth mother
a wise feminine provider, nourisher, and nurturer
wise old man
masculine counterpart of the earth mother; he cares for, instructs, and councils the hero
fatal woman
a temptress; a witch; a woman who through her power can render a strong man weak and a wise man foolish
damsel-in-distress
a vulnerable woman who must be rescued by the hero; often used to trap or ensnare the unsuspecting hero
faithful companions
loyal retainers who are heroic themselves; their duty is to assist and protect the hero
scapegoat
a sacrificial victim; a character who suffers or is blamed unjustly in order that others may escape; his death often makes him a more powerful force
trickster
a character who, through superior wit and cunning, can deceive and manipulate those who have seemingly greater strength and authority; they also enjoy playing tricks on the stupid, pompous, or greedy