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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Ignatius Donnelly
  2. Sapa Inca Pachacuti
  3. Tawantinsuyu
  4. Saqsaywaman
  5. Francisco Pizarro
  1. a wrote Atlantis: The AnteDiluvian World
  2. b sailed to New World 3 times; rmors of "mountains of gold" to south (Cortes); 26 July 1529: Queen of Spain gave permission "to discover and conquer Peru"; 1532: Pizarro returned to Peru; Atahuallpa consumed with war
  3. c Inca; walls near cuzco; fortress? head of puma?
  4. d built Cuzco (capital city of Incan Empire) in 1438-1471 AD; name means He who makes the world; transformed city and empire; built Machu Picchu
  5. e Inca; "people of the 4 directions"

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. record keeping device; not fully decoded but made of main horizontal cord with subsidiary cords and knots (inca)
  2. Inca; home of virgin weavers; cotton, aplaca, llama; textiles important tax item (women: fabric, men: rope)
  3. Mayan ruler who came to power in AD 615 in Palenque; his sarcophagus was discovered by Alberto Ruz Lhuiller
  4. 1908; African American cowboy, found animals in association with spear point near Folsom, NM
  5. 1890; Mashonaland occupied by Cecil Rhodes (Rhodesia) for gold prospecting; site became symbol justifying glories of colonization

5 True/False questions

  1. Occam's RazorWhen presented with two or more explanations, the one that is simplest is the best


  2. Inca EmpireInca; son of sun god


  3. Theodore Bent1891; had studied Phoenicians but no formal training in archaeology; concluded that builders came from Arabian peninsula (Phoenician/Egyptian); Cecil Rhodes purchased many finds taken from the site


  4. Gertrude Caton-Thompson1929; trained Kathleen Kenyon; found unlooted sites nearby and through stratigraphic and stylistic comparisons confirmed local orgin; Semitic origin "inconceivable"


  5. Bishop Diego de LandaSpanish Bishop who ordered Maya writings be burned; including codices