5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Ignatius Donnelly
- Sapa Inca Pachacuti
- Francisco Pizarro
- a wrote Atlantis: The AnteDiluvian World
- b sailed to New World 3 times; rmors of "mountains of gold" to south (Cortes); 26 July 1529: Queen of Spain gave permission "to discover and conquer Peru"; 1532: Pizarro returned to Peru; Atahuallpa consumed with war
- c Inca; walls near cuzco; fortress? head of puma?
- d built Cuzco (capital city of Incan Empire) in 1438-1471 AD; name means He who makes the world; transformed city and empire; built Machu Picchu
- e Inca; "people of the 4 directions"
5 Multiple choice questions
- record keeping device; not fully decoded but made of main horizontal cord with subsidiary cords and knots (inca)
- Inca; home of virgin weavers; cotton, aplaca, llama; textiles important tax item (women: fabric, men: rope)
- Mayan ruler who came to power in AD 615 in Palenque; his sarcophagus was discovered by Alberto Ruz Lhuiller
- 1908; African American cowboy, found animals in association with spear point near Folsom, NM
- 1890; Mashonaland occupied by Cecil Rhodes (Rhodesia) for gold prospecting; site became symbol justifying glories of colonization
5 True/False questions
Occam's Razor → When presented with two or more explanations, the one that is simplest is the best
Inca Empire → Inca; son of sun god
Theodore Bent → 1891; had studied Phoenicians but no formal training in archaeology; concluded that builders came from Arabian peninsula (Phoenician/Egyptian); Cecil Rhodes purchased many finds taken from the site
Gertrude Caton-Thompson → 1929; trained Kathleen Kenyon; found unlooted sites nearby and through stratigraphic and stylistic comparisons confirmed local orgin; Semitic origin "inconceivable"
Bishop Diego de Landa → Spanish Bishop who ordered Maya writings be burned; including codices