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ESL Supplement 154 Court Cases
Terms in this set (19)
Title VII, Bilingual Education Act of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
Established federal policy for bilingual education. Provided supplemental funding for innovative programs to meet the "special educational needs" of non-English-speaking children. First national acknowledgment of the effects of poverty and education disadvantages faced by cultural minorities.
Equal Educational Opportunity Act
Defined what constitutes denial of equal educational opportunity, including failure to take action to overcome language barriers that prevent equal participation in an instructional program.
Lau v. Nichols (1947)
The court ruled based on a Chinese student, without access to education designed to promote proficiency in English, nonnative English-speaking students could not receive equality of treatment in the delivery of education.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
The Supreme Court established the principle of equal access to educational opportunity for all americans.
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act (1964)
Discrimination in federally funded programs and established that every student has the right to meaningful and effective instruction. Due to this, the professional organization TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) was founded.
Castaneda v. Pickard
Most significant court case. Set of basic standards to determine a schools compliance with Equal opportunities act.
1-Theory: school must pursue a program based on an educational theory
2-Practice: school must implement program with instructional practices, resources, employees, etc.
3-Result: school must not persist in a program that fails to produce results.
Plyler v. Doe
under 14th amendment the state does not have the right to deny free public education to undocumented immigrant children.
No Child Left Behind
Its goal is to ensure that all children meet grade-level standards by 2014. Be federal law, schools and districts are accountable for demonstrating that various subgroups of students--- Identified by race or ethnicity, special education status, and ELL status---make adequate yearly progress towards the goal of 100 percent proficiency.
Meyers v. Nebraska
made clear that 14th amendment provides protection for language minorities
said state can legislate language used in schools for instruction but must allow language classes outside of school.
mandated bilingual education
1. identify and evaluate national origin minority students' English skills
2. appropriate instruction determined
3. decide when LEP ready for mainstream class
4. determine professional standards teachers must meet.
Plessy v. Ferguson
separate but equal (segregation) is constitutional
Keyes vs. School District 1 (1983)
Denver public school had failed to implement a plan for language minority students
Serna vs. Portales 1974
Found out that Spanish students achievement levels were lower than their peers. The court ordered them to implement a bilingual curriculum, revised assessing procedures, and to hire bilingual personnel.
Cintron vs. Brentwood 1978
Unnecessary segregating Spanish students in music and art. Court objected to program's failure to provide for exiting students whose English was well enough for mainstream instruction.
Rios vs. Reed 1978
The students of Pastchogue-Medford School District were not receiving Spanish instruction for academics. School claim that the student's education was justified due to the fact that English classes would teach the student English quicker and more extensive than Spanish instruction.
Gomez vs. Illinois 1987
under Equal Educational Opportunities Act (EEOA) require State Educational Agencies to ensure that language minority students educational needs are met.
Texas Education Code, Chapter B
Texas Administrative Code, Chapter 89
School districts with 20 or more english-proficient students in the same grade level must offer a bilingual education program for ELLs in grades
K-5. Grade 6 is included when part of the school site. Districts that don't meet the minimum of 20 students must provide an English as a Second Language (ESL) program to every LEP student regardless.
English Language Standards, Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)
ELS standards revised to reflect focus on language development in the content areas.
English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
Cross-curricular ELPS standards in listening, speaking, reading, writing, added to TEKS as well as standards for learning strategies.
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