24 terms

STAAR Review 2 - Early Republic (1789-1812)

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Anti-Federalist
Anti-Federalists rose up as the opponents of the Constitution during the period of ratification. They opposed the Constitution's powerful centralized government, arguing that the Constitution gave too much political, economic, and military control. They instead advocated a decentralized governmental structure that granted most power to the states
Federalist
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
War of 1812
(JM), 1812-1815, Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier, interference with American trade, and impressments of American sailors into the British army (Leopard on Chesapeake) (1812 - 1815), Embargo Act
Popular Sovereignty
Basic principle of the American system of government that asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power and that government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Republicanism
Government in which the desires of the people are represented in government by elected representatives
Federalism
power of the government is shared between the states and the national government
Seperation of Powers
Split the powers of government into three branches; Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Limited Government
placed strict limits on government to protect the people
Individual Rights
the 1st 10 Amendments (Bill of Rights) to the U.S. Constitution protects individual rights agains the power of the government...
1st Amendment
Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Petition, and Assembly
2nd Amendment
Right to Bear Arms
3rd Amendment
protection from quartering troops
4th Amendment
protection from unreasonable search and seizure
5th Amendment
grand jury, protection from self-incrimination
6th Amendment
right to jury for criminal trial, speedy trial
7th Amendment
right to jury in civil case
8th Amendment
no cruel and unusual punishment, excessive bail
9th Amendment
protection of rights not stated in the U.S. Constitution
10th Amendment
Powers not listed go to the states and people
George Wasington
1st President who encourage no political parties, sought isolationism for country by avoiding "entangling alliances"
John Adams
2nd President, XYZ Affair, Alien and Sedition Acts, only one term in office
Thomas Jefferson
3rd President, first of the Democratic-Republican Presidents... Louisiana Purchase 1803 from France doubling the size of the U.S., Embargo Act of 1807 restricted trade with any country
James Madison
4th President - War of 1812 - U.S. earns worldwide respect and sparks industrial revolution... Henry Clay's American System
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