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50 terms

9 weeks test

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cordillera
mountain system made up of parallel ranges
bedrock
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil.
Continental Divide
a mountain ridge that separates river systems flowing toward opposite sides of a continent
drainage basin
the land drained by a river system
tributary
small river or stream that flows into a large river or stream; a branch of the river
permafrost
permanently frozen ground.
deciduous
a name for trees which lose their leaves every year
prairie
a large area of flat or rolling grassland
standard of living
a measure of quality of life based on the amounts and kinds of goods and services a person can buy
hydroelectricity
electricity produced by water
Cyrus McCormick
invented the mechanical reaper
fossil fuel
any fuel formed in the earth from the fossilized remains of prehistoric life; coal, oil, natural gas
Erie Canal
In 1825 linked the Great Lakes in Midwest with the Hudson River in New York
Samuel Morse
American Inventor of the telegraph and the morse code
Richard Sears
A railroad worker in rural Minnesota. A successful and creative figure in the mail-order business who began by selling jewelry
rugged individualism
idea that people should succeed through their own efforts. They should take care of themselves and their families, rather than depend on the government for bail out.
free enterprise
An economic system in which people are able to start and run their own businesses with little control by the government.
metropolitan area
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
DeWitt Clinton
he led New Yorkers in digging the Erie Canal, linking the Great Lakes with the Hudson River.
hierarchy
organization by rank, class, or grade
suburb
A residential district located on the outskirts of a city
Sunbelt
over-lapping region between the South and the West
Fall Line
Imaginary line between the Appalachain Mountains and the Atlantic Coastal Plains
Thomas Edison
Inventor of lightbulb in 1879, phonograph in 1877 and numerous other innovations
bayou
a marshy inlets of lakes and rivers of Louisiana.
water
a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants
Appalachia
One of the poorest areas in the US. A rural area
Eli Whitney
an American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged (mass production).
Everglades
a huge swampland that covers some 4,000 square miles
Mangroves
tropical trees that grow in swampy ground along coastal areas
Latin
the language of ancient rome
Andes Mountains
the world's longest mountain chain, located in western South America
Ring of Fire
a circle around the Pacific Ocean where the majority of Earth's volcanoes and mega-thrust earthquakes are
Amazon Basin
the home of the world's largest tropical rainforests, runs along the Amazon river
pampas
the grassy plains in South America stretching from Argentina to Uraguay .
Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America. At the mouth of Rio de la Plata.
bauxite
Ore from which aluminum is made.
Mestizos
people of mixed european and native american ancestry
Polytheism
belief in more than one god
Pyramid-temple
...These were built to worship by many gods
Tribute
gift,statement,or money given to show respect or thanks such as tobacco, gold, precious stones, and jaguar skins.
Quetzalcoatl
Warrior god of the Aztec people who they believed brought maize to the Earth.
chinampas
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
Cuzco
Capital city of the Incas
conquistador
a Spanish conqueror.
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire
Moctezuma
Aztec Emperor
Francisco Pizarro
the Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire
Atahualpa
Inca emperor.
Quechua
the language of the inca