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48 terms

chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
the body's heaviest organ is the
skin
which of the following is not considered an appendix of the skin
the tongue
the primary function of the skin is
protection
muscle is connected to bone by
tendons
which type of muscle tissue is found in the stomach
smooth
what type of muscle tissue is found in the heart
cardiac
signals generated by the nervous system are called
nerve impulses
which of the following is not a gland in the endocrine system
salivary
which of the following substances is not carried by the cardiovascular system
lymph
the thymus gland is part of the _____ system
endocrine
which part of the respiratory system exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide
alveoli
what organs would be considered an accessory organ of the digestive system
liver
what organ is a primary organ of the digestive system
esophagus
immunosuppressive drugs are given after
organ transplants
what is not considered part of the central nervous system
the cranial nerves
what structure is not part of the lymphatic system
pancreas
one important function of intact skin is to keep out
harmful bacteria
a structure made up of two or more kinds of tissues organized in such a way that the tissues can together perform a more complex function is an
organ
skeletal muscle may also be referred to as
voluntary
lymph eventually enters the
circulatory system
a non-vital organ can often be replaced or enhanced by an artificial organ, alson known as a
prosthesis
one of the earliest devices created to augment vital functions was the "artificial kidney" or
dialysis machine
what are formative cells taken from embryonic tissue or cord blood and used in organ engineering to develop advances in clinical medicine
stem cells
flitration is a process that involves which of the following
changed in hydrostatic pressure
when atoms share electons a __________ bond forms
covalent
system that contains the body's heaviest organ
integumentary organ
system that has the main function of transporting materials from one part of the body to another
cardiovascular
system that contains three types of organs; skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
muscular
system that has a secondary function of storing calcium and phosphorus for the body
skeletal system
system that regulates body functions rapidly but its effects last for a short duration
nervous
system that regulates body functions slowly but its effects are long lasting
endocrine
the urethra is part of only this one system in the female
urinary
system in which the liver is an accessory organ
digestive
system that produces ova
female reproductive system
system that, along with the urinary system , helps regulate the pH of the body
respiratory system
a system other than the urinary system that includes the male urethra
male reproductive systems
system that helps move fat-related nutrients from the digestive system
lymphatic and immune system
rigid framework for the body
skeletal system
provides movement and body posture
muscular system
ensures survival of the species
reproductive system
blood vessels and heart
cardiovascular system
absoption of nutrients
digestive system
provides protection for underlying organs and regulates temperature
integumentary
water removal and electrolyte balance
urinary system
general control and communication system
nervous system
oxygen balance and carbon dioxide balance
respiratory system
secrets hormones into blood throughout the ductless gland system
endocrine system
immune system
lymphatic system