AP World Part 3 Terms

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The Caribbean
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Terms in this set (38)
20th/21st Centuries1900-presentTouissant L'Ouvertureleader of the slave revolt against the French in the Haitian RevolutionImperialismA policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.Capitlisman economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.Communisma political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.French RevolutionA revolution that began in 1789 over the rising prices of bread and the extravagant lifestyle of the King and Queen.Latin American RevolutionsSeries of risings in the Spanish colonies of Latin America (1810-1826) that established the independence of new states from Spanish rule but that for the most part retained the privileges of the elites despite efforts at more radical social rebellion by the lower classes.Meiji Restorationthe modernization and industrialization of Japan in the 1800'sTanzimatA set of reforms designed to remake the Ottoman Empire on a western European modelSelf-Strengthening MovementA late nineteenth century movement in which the Chinese modernized their army and encouraged Western investment in factories and railwaysSepoy RebellionThe revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.Maximilien Robespierre"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.NationalismA strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's countryThe Industrial RevolutionA period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700sTaiping UprisingMassive Chinese rebellion that devastated much of the country between 1850 and 1864; it was based on the millenarian teachings of Hong Xiuquan.EnlightenmentA movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason. This movement influenced the Atlantic Revolutions.AbolitionMovement to end slaveryJohn Locke17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.Scientific RevolutionA major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.Boxer UprisingA group of Chinese formed a secret society called The Righteous Harmonious Fists, their goal was to drive out foreign devils who were polluting the land with non traditional [Chinese] ways.Napoleon BonaparteOverthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.Declaration of the Rights of Man and CitizenFrench Revolution document that outlined what the National Assembly considered to be the natural rights of all people and the rights that they possessed as citizensMiguel Hidalgo and Jose MorelosPriests that led the Mexican Revolution in 1810Reign of Terror(1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed for "disloyalty"Steam Engine (James Watt)A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Steam power was then applied to machinery.Louis XVI and Marie AntoinetteMonarchs at beginning of French RevolutionMathew Perrycommodore of American navy who forced the Japanese to open their doors to US trade.Opium Wara conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China