37 terms

Ch. 23-25 Review (APWH)

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Terms in this set (...)

steam engine
early locomotives and railroads were powered through this technology
coal, rivers, iron, etc.
These are some of the natural resources that allowed England to become the first industrialized power
textiles (cloth)
this was the first commodity that was manufactured in England
bourgeoisie
this social/economic class profited from the factories
Luddites
this group of people attacked the new machines that threatened their livelihood
romanticism
this "ism" more closely resembled a cultural movement than a political ideology
factory workers/proletariat
Marxism was most supportive of this social group
nationalism
this "ism" had the more direct impact on imperialistic initiatives in the industrial era
liberalism/feminism
this "ism" was the most enthusiastic about Enlightenment thought
conservatism
this "ism" was supported by elites who valued tradition above all else
King Leopold of Belgium
this individual earned huge profits from the rubber on his colony
Social Darwinism
this was the belief that whites were inherently superior to other races
France
this European country secured the most land in the Scramble for Africa
nabob
this was the name given to English trading company representatives in India who often used corruption to "strike it rich"
Indian military recruits
along with ports, raw materials, markets, comprised more of the colonized people, these were the main reasons India was considered Britain's most important colony
citizens might plot seditious acts/revolutions against the government
this was the primary argument in opposition of coffee/coffeehouses in the 18th century
Mary Wollstonecraft
she was the author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women
spheres in which life improved in Europe after 1850
sanitation and safety improved, increase in urban physical and cultural amenities, better material conditions, diet and housing, health; Louis Pasteur's discovery of germs; trade unions; compulsory elementary education; new/expanded forms of mass leisure
tropical dependencies
this term refers to colonies in which very small numbers of Europeans ruled large native populations
Great Trek
this event resulted in clashes between Boers and Bantus
economic imperialism
the U.S. and Britain were accused of demonstrating this form of imperialism in Latin America post-independence
Simon Bolivar
he led the revolts against Spain in northern South America
Haiti
this colony experienced the first successful revolution in Latin America
Chinese Exclusion Act
this law prohibited a specific ethnicity from immigrating to the United States in the 1880s
nineteenth
most Latin American colonies became independent in the first decades of this century
water mill, canal
two inventions related to water that played key roles during the first phases of the revolution
tractor, ships, railroad
three steam powered technologies that arose during the industrial revolution
ways the railroad impacted society during this era
could move people, raw materials, and goods more cheaply and in a fraction of the time
cottage industry
preceded industrialization: farmers would use hand looms and cotton to weave cloth in their homes
impact of telegraph lines
easier communication, including that it became easier to administer colonies
challenges resulting directly from the factory system during the first industrial revolution
rigid schedule, extremely long work day, dangerous conditions, no workers rights
fewer families were working together, rise in alcoholism
social impact of Industrialization
proletariat
working class, aka "the have nots"
Scramble for Africa
colonization of Africa by European powers; largely motivated by competition with each other
imperialism
the need for markets and resources led to this practice of industrialized powers taking over other lands
Social Darwinism
racist concept used to justify conquest of territory
rubber
most valuable resource acquired from the Congo during the industrial age