chapter 17, 18, 19
Terms in this set (79)
the place where the two tectonic plates of the Northeastern portion of the Middle East meet.
North Anatolian Fault
the landscape of this place is very mountainous with over 250 lakes.
the landscape of this place is dry and mountainous
the landscape of this place is low-land with swampy, marshy areas
the tallest mountain in Iran; it is a volcanic mountain
the bridge between the East and West culturally because it connects Asia to Europe
it is the western-most area of the Arabian Peninsula
a landform composed of hard, ancient rocks, which form a steep escarpment that looms above a narrow strip of coastal plains.
another name for the central plateau of the Arabian Peninsula
the northern desert of the Arabian Peninsula
the southern desert of the Arabian Peninsula.
the sub region that stretches from the Black Sea to China
All the countries of Central Asia are landlocked except for
is also known as the Caucasus because it gets its name from the Caucasus Mountains.
the ____________________ of Central Asia contains the 6 "stans"
suffix coming from the ancient Persian word meaning "land of" or "place of"
mountain range located in Afghanistan
Hindu Kush Mts
area in the Eastern part of Central Asia that is covered in farmlands because of water and fertile soil
the black-sand desert that covers most of Turkmenistan
modern-day Iraq, means "the land between two rivers" (Tigris and Euphrates); historically has been the cradle of civilization.
two rivers in the Middle East (mostly Iraq) where civilization is believed to have begun.
Tigris River and Euphrates River
the largest inland sea (lake) in the world; it borders the Middle East and Central Asia.
strait that links the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. Turkey historically controls these
body of water that the Tigris River and the Euphrates River empty into. It also serves all the international shipping needs of the oil-producing countries of the Arabian Peninsula.
western border of the Arabian Peninsula
the five bodies of water that surround the Arabian Peninsula.
Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea
Canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. This is one of the most important shipping routes in the world.
body of water in Central Asia that is drying up faster than it can be replenished due to feeder rivers being diverted in order to irrigate fields.
the main lake in the sub region of Central Asia
2 factors that affect climate in the northeastern portion of the Middle East:
mountain ranges and proximity to major bodies of water
2 places where Mediterranean climate is found in the northeastern portion of the Middle East:
Turkey's coast and the northern coast of Iran along the Caspian Sea
widespread way of life in Iran and Turkey. Also practiced by most of the people of Central Asia.
what does OPEC mean?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
What 5 countries started OPEC?
Venezuela, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia
Iraq and Iran are among the world's leaders in the production of
oil and natural gas
receives less than 4 inches of rain annually.
a significant factor in the climate of the Arabian Peninsula.
in Asia, a seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cooler, dry air from inland in winter
Seasonal ____________winds bring heavy rains in the summer
a northwesterly wind in the Persian Gulf
Arabic word for "north"
Arabic word for "poison"
a hot, dry, suffocating wind that blows from time to time in the Arabian Peninsula
arabian desert's principle export
Arabian desert lies over 25% of
the world's proven oil reserves which is the regions principle export.
By far the most important resource of the Arabian Peninsula is
The overview of the climate in the Arabian Peninsula is:
what causes this:
mostly dry which reflects the vegetation that is sparse scrubs. The placement of these landlocked countries causes this dryness. (away from water)
Most people practice _______________ in Central Asia
Farming in Central Asia occurs around
Major Crops of Central Asia are:
cereal: barley, oats and wheats. grown for food.
also important resources in Central Asia.
oil and natural gas
first major culture in Mesopotamia. They contributed cuneiform and Ziggurats.
the next major civilization of Mesopotamia. They contributed a 12-month calendar and the 60 sec minute.
major civilization of eastern Mesopotamia in modern-day Iraq which. They built Qanats which reduced the evaporation of water as it flowed from the mountains to the farmlands
began when Turkish invaders overtook the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Instanbul, around 1481. Weakened by internal forces and involvement in World War I, it fell in the early 1920's. Remnants of the empire are in Modern-day Turkey
Majority of the people in the Northeastern Middle East are
the dominant language in the country of Iran and also spoken in Iraq and Turkey
Majority of the people on the Arabian Peninsula identify themselves as
arab and muslim
the dominant ethnic group in Saudi Arabia
the first foreign invader of the Arabian Peninsula; they set up a trading center in modern-day Kuwait
what is an absolute monarchy? and what is an example?
when the king or queen has all the power and makes all the decisions. (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman)
what is a Constitutional Monarchy and example?
the king or queen is ceremonial in power and the power of the country lies within another group such as parliament or a senate. (Kuwait)
located in Saudi Arabia, the holiest city to Muslims. Muslims take the Hajj here to visit the Great Mosque.
located in Saudi Arabia, the city where Mohammed's tomb is found
controversy over the successor of Mohammed led to the split of Islam into Shia and Sunni
governs all aspects of a Muslim's life
the first two countries in the world to make Christianity its national religion.
georgia and armenia
led the Mongol Empire and conquered all of Central Asia
all the Central Asian countries became part of the USSR except _____________
(United Soviet Socialist Republic)
Following collapse of the USSR - all the Central Asia countries gained ________________________________.
where is Mt Damavand located
Anatolian Peninsula is what country
runs North to South along the Red Sea.
consists of reddish crescent-shaped dunes or ridges of sand formed by the wind.
known as the "Empty Quarters,"
_____________ is the world's largest uninterrupted area of sand.
contains the Hindu Kush Mt range and the Fergana Valley
Kara-Kum is located in what country
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