BJU World History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (40)
American Rev, conservative; French Rev, radical
What is the basic difference between the American and the French Revolutions?
established the civil authority for the Plymouth Colony
pay for wars
After over 100 years, why did the British government decide to begin taxing and regulating the colonies?
post-wars on European continent
When did the British began placing restrictions on the colonies?
Battle of Saratoga
turning point for the Americans because the French decided to support the colonists
gov't by the consent of the governed
3 causes of the French Revolution
1. Heavy taxation of the poor 2. Incompetence of Louis XV & Louis XVI 3. France's bankrupt condition
taille, capitation, and vingtieme
Third Estate of the Estates-General and Louis XVI could agree on number of votes each estate would receive
Tennis Court Oath
The delegates of the Third Estate declared they would NOT disband until a written constitution was established
storming the Bastille
What event symbolized the downfall of the Old Regime?
Declaration of the Rights of Man
1789 French document lists the national rights of all people and the rights possessed by citizens
issued by the Austrians, called for the French people to rally behind their king, and promised to restore Louis XVI to the French throne?
purpose of the Reign of Terror
to get rid of opposition to the revolution
"A revolution devours its own"
The arrests and deaths of Robespierre and his followers illustrates this saying.
Napoleon's most famous and enduring accomplishment
Napoleon's plan designed to cut off trade with England
king of England during the American Revolution
delegates specific powers to the national gov't and reserves all others for state gov'ts
term for the French system of forced labor
lists of grievances Louis's subjects compiled
nickname of workers in Paris who wore full-length trousers
Levee en masse
mobilization of the entire French nation for battle
famous instrument of execution used during the French Revolution
sudden and illegal seizure of power
battle site of Napoleon's greatest triumph
St. Helena (tiny island off coast of Africa)
Napoleon finally exiled to this island
king during the French Revolution
prominent Jacobin executed by Robespierre
British admiral that defeated Napoleon twice
First Consul for life
Russian Czar ruling when Napoleon tried to invade Russia
victorious general at Waterloo
unsuccessful ideal Puritan society
second and third generations did not retain the religious convictions of those who came before them
respect for English law and a love for local self-gov't
local colonial governments had this in common
violation of colonial charters--taxation to rest in the hands of the colonial assemblies
Why did the colonists resent parliamentary measures of taxation?
exemptions from many taxes
First and Second Estates considered to be privileged classes because
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
assembly diminished the power of the Roman Catholic Church in France
American Revolution as a conservative action
1. The protest was not against government but against too much government and a government that had violated its own rules. 2. The colonists were not fighting an offensive war, but simply defending their homeland and preserving the freedoms they had enjoyed for more than a century
domestic reforms of Napoleon
1. beginning public works programs 2. founding the Bank of France which standardized the monetary system 3. setting up an equitable tax system 4. established a system of public education 5. the codification of French laws (Code Napoleon)