16 terms

AP Human Geo: Chapter 7 Vocabulary

The terms from chapter 7 in the Human Geo book.
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Apartheid
Laws in south Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Balkanized
A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other
Centripetal Force
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
Ethnic Cleansing
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
Ethnicity
Identity with a group of that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions
Multi-Ethnic state
State that contains more than one ethnicity
Nationalism
Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
Nationality
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular
Nation-State
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
Race
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor
Racism
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
Racist
A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism
Self-Determination
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
Sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of crops
Triangular Slave Trade
A practice in which European ships transported slaves from africa to caribbean islands, molasses from the caribbean to europe, and trade goods from europe to africa