A recurrent, unifying element in an artistic work, such as an image, symbol, character type, action, idea, object or phrase. Motif is related to, but distinguished, from theme, which refers more broadly to the statement(s) that the text seems to be making about its subject. A motif is a thematic element, an element that informs and casts a revealing light on the theme. A figure of speech in which something (object, person, situation, or action) means more than what it is. A symbol, in other words, may be read both literally and metaphorically. In literature, a symbol is usually something concrete - an object, a place, a character, an action - that stands for or suggests something abstract. Examples: darkness as a symbol of evil, light as a symbol of good; climbing as a symbol of progress; descent as a symbol of failure; dove as a symbol of peace.