AP English Vocab Lesson 19

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Terms in this set (...)

adjunct
something joined or added to a thing but not necessarily a part of it




An adjunct professor is one who is associated with a college faculty only in a temporary or auxiliary manner.
anomalous
out of place, abnormal




Seeing a Toyota in the background of that WW2 was anomalous.
belligerent
waging war; inclined to or exhibiting assertiveness





A belligerent nation always seems to be at war.
censure
to blame or to condemn





The congressman was censured for taking a bride.
compliance
a yielding; acquiescence





We intend to be in full compliance with the court order.
defile
to make dirty, to desecrate, to pollute





The gang defied the school with obscene graffiti.
diligent
characterized by steady, attentive and energetic effort in a pursuit or study





The students in the special course were studious and diligent.
expedient
appropriate for a purpose but not necessarily moral, right, or just





In trying to increase political support, the candidate found it expedient to change his stand on taxation.
flout
to treat with contempt





When the boy answered the question he flouted a response that was both rude and insulting.
galling
very irritating





It was a galling experience to have my boyfriend ask another girl to the prom.
heralded
announced or publicized





The approaching event was heralded by the newspapers.
incantation
a spell, written or recited formula of words designed for a particular effect




The purpose of the witch doctor's incantations was to scare evil spirits.
indigenous
native to a certain area





Many types of cacti are indigenous to the southwest deserts of the United States.
luscious
very pleasant to the taste




The meal was absolutely luscious.
nomadic
characterized by moving about from place to place as nomads




The nomadic people travel across the continent.
parry
to deflect or to ward off a blow






The champion boxer won the match because he was able to parry his opponents blows so successfully.
precipitate
to cause to speedily occur, to throw headlong.





Coming home late at my house will always precipitate a fight.
pungent
sharp or irritating to the taste or smell, acrid





There was a pungent odor in the stockyard.
ratify
to give formal approval





In the US, a treaty must be ratified by two-thirds of the Senate in order to take effect.
sagacious
wise, shrewd, very discerning





The sagacious freshman knew not to buy an elevator pass from the senior attempting a clever ruse.
slovenly
messy, untidy, careless





A person with slovenly work habits will likely lose his job.
spiteful
full of spite or malice; malicious; malevolent





She is a spiteful child, always seeking revenge for any injury.
tangential
slightly connected, divergent





Since we are short of time, tangential remarks are not appreciated.
taper
to decrease in thickness or width




The intensity of the pain will taper off as time goes on.

Some shirts are tapered at the bottom.
vagrant
a wanderer who does not have a home





There are many vagrants who sleep under freeways in urban areas.
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