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12 terms

Enlightenment

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Enlightenment
age of reason, influenced by the scientific revolution of the 1600's
law, philosophy, politics
Enlightenment was used to figure out things in nature like l__, p_______, po_______
social contract
unwritten agreement between government and people
locke
LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY believed people were góòd, nature vs. nurture, limited govt., basis of declaration of independence
hobbes
ppl NEED LAWS, believed people were bàd, strong govt. influenced constitution
wollstonecraft
equality and education for WOMEN
smith
CAPITALISM, father of modern economics, division of labor and concept of free markets
laissez faire
little govt. involvement to allow markets to grow
montesquieu
wrote spirit of laws, believed in SEPARATION OF POWERS (3 branches)
voltaire
believed in FREEDOM OF SPEECH, critisized Catholic Church for its practices <-- arrested many times
diderot
wrote "ENCYCLOPEDIA", discussed issues of freedom of expression and concerns of equality, volumes include writing by voltaire and montesquieu
rousseu
FREE ELECTION, RIGHT TO VOTE idea of social contract, believed in little govt. involvment & good community over individual