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cosmetology Chapter 5 Definition
Terms in this set (112)
A disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDs)
reproduce disease & grows during this stage
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation(such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
Disease having a rapid onset, severe symptoms & a short course of duration.
Used to sterilize and sanitize items
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods,chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Chemical germicide formulated for use on the skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA)
the state of being free from disease-causing contaminants or, preventing contact with microorganisms
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection.
Singular: bacillus. Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus(lockjaw), Typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
invisible debris that interferes with disinfection
The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine
can be spread by shaving, nipping, clipping, facial treatments, waxing or tweezing any time the skin is broken
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together and adhere to environmental surfaces.
causes Lyme disease
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends.
Also known as chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
A disease that persists over a long period. The symptoms of chronic disease are sometimes less severe than those of the acute phase of the same disease
Some single-celled organisms use the rhythmical motion of cilia for locomotion.
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interfere with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting.
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically.
Also known as communicable disease; disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
a substance that is where it shouldn't be and is at high enough levels to have a negative effect on our health or on the health of animals or plants
make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance.
The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
Chemical products approved by the EPA designed to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces
A chemical process that destroys most, but not necessarily all, harmful organisms on environmental surfaces. The pathogens of concern in the cosmetology industry are effectively destroyed by the disinfection process, which is required in all states.
A hand antiseptic, hand disinfectant
The ability to produce an effect.
a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human and environmental health.
Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)
a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel.
A parasite that lives on the outer surface of its host
Slender, hair-like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about). May also be referred to as cilia.
... a clear aqueous solution of formaldehyde containing a small amount of methanol used especially as a preservative.
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Capable of destroying fungi.
...The invasion of bodily tissue by pathogenic microorganisms that proliferate, resulting in tissue injury that can progress to disease:
A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
Abbreviated HIV; virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
...An asymptomatic carrier (healthy carrier or just carrier) is a person or other organism that has contracted an infectious disease.
Human Disease Carrier
Abbreviated HPV; a virus that causes warts in humans, but is also the cause of cervical cancer in women. When the virus infects the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups, it is also called plantar warts.
human papilloma virus (HPV)
The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired, and is a sign of good health.
...When conditions are unfavorable, bacteria will die or become inactive (or dormant) or form spores.
The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
Disease caused by pathogenic (harmful) microorganisms that enter the body. An infectious disease may be spread from one person to another person.
A condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
...A clear, colorless, flammable, mobile liquid, (CH3)2CHOH, used in antifreeze compounds, in lotions and cosmetics.
An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
...French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization.
Abbreviated MSDS; replaced by Safety Data Sheet; information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Abbreviated MRSA; a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments due to incorrect doses or choice of antibiotic.
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
...a colorless, volatile, water-soluble, poisonous liquid, CH 4 O, obtained by the destructive distillation of wood or the incomplete oxidation of natural gas, or produced synthetically from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, used chiefly as a solvent, a fuel, and an automobile antifreeze and in the synthesis of formaldehyde.
...a microorganism, especially a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.
...the branch of science that deals with microorganisms.
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
...so small as to be visible only with a microscope.
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon.
...a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
... hollow container used to give shape to molten or hot liquid material (such as wax or metal) when it cools and hardens.
Also known as reusable items; items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluid.
multiuse - use Implements
A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.
Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
...is a multinational computer technology corporation that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports software products which automate the monitoring, control, delivery, and management of services for multinational corporation service providers including: Wireless service providers.
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
...to assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration(OSHA)
...a subject of study; a branch of knowledge.
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites.
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
...Head lice infestation
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes.
Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.
...hat kills Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria.
...a qualified person who works with mentally-ill people and their families, based in a psychiatric hospital, child guidance clinic, or social services department area team, and who may also be an approved social worker
Public Service Workers (PSW)
A fluid created by infection.
Commonly known as "quats"; are products made of quaternary ammonium cations and are designed for disinfection on nonporous surfaces. They are appropriate for use in non-critical (non-invasive) environments and are effective against most pathogens of concern in the salon environment.
quaternary ammonium compounds(quats)
A chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
...a plant, fungus, or microorganism that lives on dead or decaying organic matter.
A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
...the presence in tissues of harmful bacteria and their toxins, typically through infection of a wound.
Also known as disposable items; items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue is removed—such as pumice stones used for pedicures—or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting.
Common household bleach; an effective disinfectant for the salon.
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
.. a sign is objective. Blood coming out a nostril is a sign; it is apparent to the patient, physician, and others.
Infection that affects the body as a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning of internal glands or organs. This disease is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.
A superficial fungal infection caused by a variety of dermatophytes that commonly affects the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp. A person with this condition may have deep, inflamed or non-inflamed patches of skin on the face or the nape of the neck.
A fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.
A ringworm fungus of the foot.
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses).
...s a spirochaete bacterium with subspecies that cause treponemal diseases such as syphilis, bejel, pinta, and yaws.
...Any disinfectant certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as having the ability to kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as less resistant microorganisms .
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
...s an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens.
...A low-pressure mercury-vapor discharge tube floods the inside of a biosafety cabinet with shortwave UV light when not in use, sterilizing microbiological contaminants from irradiated surfaces.
Capable of destroying viruses.
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
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