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158 terms

Vocab Workshop Semester 1 Final Exams

STUDY
PLAY
Admonish
To caution against something; to scold
Breach
An opening, gap, breakthrough
Brigand
A bandit/robber
Circumspect
Careful
Commandeer
To seize for military use
Cumbersome
Clumsy; slow-moving
Deadlock:
A standstill resulting from the opposition of 2 equal forces (standoff)
Debris
Scattered fragments; wreckage
Diffuse
To scatter freely; wordy or unfocused; widely spread
Dilemma
A difficult situation
Efface
To wipe out; keep from being noticed
Muddle
To make a mess of
Opinionated
Stubborn and unreasonable in ones own ideas; a closed mind
Perennial
Lasting a long time; plant that lives for many years
Predispose
To incline beforehand
Relinquish
Give up
Salvage
Save from fire/shipwreck
Spasmodic
Sudden and violent but brief; fitful
Spurious
not true
Unbridled
Uncontrolled
Adjourn
to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place
Alien
citizen of another country; foreign/strange
Comely
having pleasing appearance
Compensate
to make up for; to repay for services
Dissolute
loose in one's morals or behavior
Erratic
not regular; different from what's ordinary; undependable
Expulsion
process of driving/forcing out
Feint
deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement
Fodder
food for horses/ cattle; raw material
Fortify
to strengthen
Illegible
difficult to read
Jeer
to make fun of rudely; a rude remark
Lucrative
bringing in money; profitable
Mediocre
average
Proliferate
to reproduce/increase
Subjugate
to conquer by force
Sully
to soil/tarnish/stain
Tantalize
to torment by teasing
Terse
brief and to the point
Unflinching
showing no signs of fear
Abridge
to make shorter
Adherent
a follower; sticking to
Altercation
an angry argument
Cherubic
an angel portrayed as a child with a chubby face; innocent
Dissent
to disagree
Eminent
famous, outstanding
Exorcise
to dispose of something, menacing
Fabricate
to make, manufacture
Irate
angry
marauder
a raider
Obesity
excessive fatness
Pauper
an extremely poor person
Pilfer
steal in small quantities
Rift
a break
Semblance
an outward appearance
surmount
to overcome
terminate
to end
Trite
overused
Usurp
to hold a position by force
abscond
to run and hide
access
approach to places/persons/things; obtain
anarchy
lack of gov.
arduous
hard to do
auspicious
favorable
biased
favoring 1 side; prejudiced
daunt
intimidate; discourage
disentangle
to free form complications
fated
determined by fortune
hoodwink
mislead by a trick
inanimate
w/o energy
incinerate
to burn to ashes
intrepid
very brave
larceny
theft
pliant
easily influenced
pompous
overly self important
precipice
steep cliff; edge of disaster
rectify
to correct
reprieve
a temp. delay
revile
to attack w/ words
Accomplice
a person who takes part in a crime
Annihilate
to destroy completely
Arbitrary
unreasonable; based on wishes w/o regards to fairness
Brazen
shameless;made of brass
Catalyst
something that causes/ speeds up a chem. reaction
Exodus
large-scale departure/ flight
Facilitate
to make easier;
to assist
Incorrigible
unable to be corrected; beyond control
Latent
hidden
Militant
given to fighting; aggressive in support of a cause
Morose
having a gloomy manner; not friendly/ sociable
Opaque
not letting light through; not clear; dense/ stupid
Paramount
chief in importance; above all others
Prattle
to talk in an aimless way; to babble
Rebut
to offer arguments/ evidence that contradicts something;
to refute
Reprimand
to scold
Servitude
slavery, forced labor
Slapdash
careless and hasty
Stagnant
not flowing; foul from standing still; inactive
Succumb
to give way to superior force, yield
atone
to make up for
bondage
slavery; state of being held down
credible
believable
defray
to pay for
diligent
hardworking; not lazy
doleful
sad; dreary
ghastly
frightful; deathly pale
hamper
to hold back
hew
shape/cut down with an ax; to hold to
impoverished
poor; depleted
incessant
never stopping; going all the time
intricate
complicated
lucid
easy to understand, clear; rational
posthumous
occurring/published after death
prim
precise, proper, overly neat
sardonic
bitterly sarcastic
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient/required, excess
supplant
to take the place of
taunt
to jeer/mock an insulting remark
tenacious
holding fast; persistent; holding family together
Adieu
"farewell"
Apex
the highest point, the tip
Assimilate
to absorb fully; to adopt as ones own
Bogus
false, counterfeit
Exorbitant
unreasonably high; excessive
Interim
the time between; temporary
Inundate
to overflow; to overwhelm
Malign
to speak evil of, slander; evil
Meander
to wander about; a sharp turn
Metropolis
a large city; the chief city
Momentous
very important
Obstreperous
noisy; unruly
Pensive
thoughtful; melancholy
Perilous
dangerous
Shoddy
of poor quality
Sprightly
lively; spicy, flavorful
Surly
bad tempered; rude
Tirade
a long, angry speech
Vagrant
tramp; wandering aimlessly
Assurance
a pledge
Asylum
a place of safety
Console
to comfort; a control panel
Dilate
to make larger; to expand upon
Dross
refuse, waste products
Dwindle
to lessen, diminish
Flippant
lacking in seriousness; disrespect
Immunity
resistance to disease; freedom from charge
Institute
to establish; organization for the promotion of learning
Liability
a dept
Preposterous
ridiculous
Pugnacious
quarrelsome
Rabid
furious; infected with rabies
Realm
a kingdom; field of study
Rejuvenate
make young again; make new
Remunerate
to reward
Sparse
Meager; scattered
Sterling
excellent; made of silver
Venture
risky undertaking; expose to danger; to dare
Warp
twist out of shape; an abnormality