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Unit 2 S&E Asia: China: Vocabulary
Terms in this set (19)
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership given to the community as a whole or to the state.
The Long March
The 6,000-mile flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek.
Nationalist Chinese leader
Chiang Kai-Shek was the leader of the nationalist forces. The US supported the nationalists because they were anti communists.
(1893-1976) Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
farmers with small farms
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years.
farms that have hundreds of families working together to make crops; but eliminated family life and private property.
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
the required amount of a specific good that must be produced in a given time frame
Used to create steel in order to industrialize the country. Many families and schools had these and it slowed down life for them to fulfill their steel quota.
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
Little Red Book
A book circulated throughout China during the reign of Mao Zedong, which contained his political philosophy for China. It was required reading in all schools.
the Radical youth of the Cultural Revolution in China starting in 1966. Often wore red armbands and carried Mao's Little Red Book.
People during the Cultural Revolution that Mao sought to suppress because of their ability to oppose him due to their intelligence and knowledge
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
4 Modernizations of China
modernized agriculture, expand industry, develop science and technology, upgrade chinese military
Tiananmen Square Massacre
A political and social protest by university students in Beijing, China in 1989. The protest called for political and social reforms and resulted in the government using the military to end it, which caused hundreds of deaths, thousands of injured, and many more imprisoned.