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Chapter 28 History Terms
Terms in this set (16)
People's Party (Populists)
A new party formed in around the early 1890s, rooted in the Farmers' Alliance and the farmer's frustration with current policies. demanded free and unlimited silver coinage, a graduated income tax, and gov ownership of telegraphs, telephone, and railroads. Also advocated for direct election of US Senators and the use of the referendum for the people to propose legislation. Their 1892 presidential candidate was Greenbacker James Weaver.
The peoples (populist) party's nominee in the presidential election of 1892. a greenbacker.
A Populist leader in Georgia who reached out to Blacks because he knew the edge they could give the party in the polls.
Grover Cleveland's vice president in 1892. He was a "soft money" advocate.
William Jennings Brian
A young congressman from Nebraska. Championed free silver. Candidate for Democrats and Populists in 1896 Presidential election.
A wealthy Ohio quarry owner started a march to Washington with hundreds of men, followed by reporters. had a demand for unemployment relief through inflationary public works program.
The 500,000 who marched to washington on behalf of the unemployed and then were arrested for walking on the grass.
A Palace Car Company cut wages by 1/3 in 1894 but kept the rent on company houses the same. the workers struck - in some places turning over railroad cars, and stopped operation from Chicago to the Pacific Coast. Crushed by federal government.
Coin's Financial School
An enormously popular pamphlet that was circulating around 1894. written by William Hope Harvey, showed how "little professor" Coin Harvey overwhlemed traditional economists with arguments for free silver.
Marcus Alonzo Hanna
wealthy business man in the iron business and Ohioan. Personally bankrolled William McKinley. beleived the primary job of federal gov was to aid business. The personification of big business in politics. Agreed with "trickle down" theory. A president maker.
Cross of Gold Speech
Speech given by William Jennings Bryan that argued for silver. Was a huge success.
Democrats against silver. this minority split from party, but still Democrats.
16 to 1
the "heaven born ratio" of silver to gold.
"fourth party system"
Republican dominance of the presidency and politics for about the next 40
Dingley Tariff Bill
Pushed through the house in 1897, this bill raised tax rates to replenish the Treasury
Gold Standard Act
passed by Republicans in 1900, this bill provided that paper currency would be redeemed in gold.
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