5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- H & H
- total bilirubin: TB test
- venipuncture usual site and veins
- a Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood.
It comes from the foods we eat and is the major source of energy needed to fuel the body's functions.
Glucose levels that are too high or too low can cause problems.
The most common of high blood glucose levels is diabetes.
Glucose is the principal and almost exclusive carbohydrate found circulating in blood.
It may also be detected in urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and semen.
- b hematocrit and hemoglobin
- c antecubital, wrist, forearm veins, hand veins
antecubital area (ac) median cubital, cephalic, basilic veins are there median cubital first choice basilica and median basilica would be last choice because they are near the brachial nerve and artery which could be punctured accidentally; if no suitable ac site check back of hand or wrist
- d platelets; clot blood; cell fragments that are formed in the bone marrow; decreases can be caused by anything causing increased bleeding
- e metabolic products of hemoglobin catabolism to evaluate liver function and aid in diagnosing anemia
5 Multiple choice questions
- the left eye, Oculus Sinister
- 3/4 (.75) inch to 1 1/2 (1.5) inches butterfly 1/2 (.5) to 3/4 (.75) inch long
- 2-20 ㎛, nucleus round, indented or superimposed lobes, nucleus brainlike convolutions or folded; abundant dull grey to blue-grey cytoplasm; Inclusions: ground glass appearance, fine red-purple granules, rare blue granules
- hemolytic disease of the newborn (erythroblastosis fetalis) usually occurs in the second Rh+ pregnancy, but can occur in the first; also called hydrops or blue baby syndrome
5 True/False questions
parts of a syringe → plunger, flange, barrel, hub, hilt, shaft, lumen, bevel, point
irrigating ears → used to remove excessive or impacted cerumen; to remove a foreign body; or to treat the inflamed ear with an antiseptic solution; removes excess cerumen, Direct solution toward roof of canal; about 1:00 position, ear lavage
what causes hemolysis? → separation of plasma or serum from red cells: removing the serum or plasma from the cells minimizes the risk of contaminating the specimen with red cell contents, blood samples should be centrifuged when applicable, as soon as possible, and serum or plasma removed from the cells
Tests included in a CBC → Complete blood count also called hemogram routine screening of blood includes red blood cell indices red blood cell count (RBC) hematocrit (Hct), hemoglobin (Hgb) white blood cell count (WBC) differential WBC count estimation of platelet numbers
International Normalized Ratio → Higher than normal hematocrit levels can be seen in people living at high altitudes and in chronic smokers. Dehydration produces a falsely high hematocrit that disappears when proper fluid balance is restored. Some other infrequent causes of elevated hematocrit are lung disease, certain tumors, a disorder of the bone marrow known as polycythemia rubra vera, and abuse of the drug erythropoietin (Epogen) by athletes for blood doping purposes.