5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- International Normalized Ratio
- ear speculum
- total bilirubin: TB test
- a metabolic products of hemoglobin catabolism to evaluate liver function and aid in diagnosing anemia
- b (a cone-shaped viewing piece of the otoscope
- c mean cell hemoglobin concentration - ave. concentration of hemoglobin in red cells. when level is low, the cell is hypochromic, high level cells would be hyperchromic, normal range cells would be normochromic; range 32-36 g/dL. Helps categorize anemia as hypochromic or normochromic.
- d INR; a more consistant measure of coagulation for coagulation studies regardless of thromboplastin reagent used. Accepted from World Health Organization; makes results not dependent upon reagent used. Used for PT/INR studies usually for monitoring patients on coumadin/warfarin. Pt on drugs should have range 2.0 to 3.0, high risk patients should be 2.5 to 3.5
- e the percentage by volume of packed red blood cells on a given sample after centrifugation
5 Multiple choice questions
- separation of plasma or serum from red cells: removing the serum or plasma from the cells minimizes the risk of contaminating the specimen with red cell contents, blood samples should be centrifuged when applicable, as soon as possible, and serum or plasma removed from the cells
- common over 50. 2nd highest causeof cancer death in males, symptoms; urinary obstruction, increased UTIs frequent nocturia; digital rectal exam to identify, prostate specific antigen (PSA) are also checked.
- 10-15 ㎛, nucleus shape:slightly segmented, granular or band, nucleus obscured by granules; abundant colorless to light pink cytoplasm; Inclusions: large coarse blue-black granules
poor circulation, low blood pressure?
- used to remove excessive or impacted cerumen; to remove a foreign body; or to treat the inflamed ear with an antiseptic solution; removes excess cerumen, Direct solution toward roof of canal; about 1:00 position, ear lavage
5 True/False questions
OU → both eyes, Oculus Uterque
Leukocytes → White blood cells, WBCs, Subtypes: neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes
otoscope → instrument used for visual examination of the ear; An otoscope is an instrument which is used to look into the ear canal. The ear speculum (a cone-shaped viewing piece of the otoscope) is slowly inserted into the ear canal while looking into the otoscope. The speculum is angled slightly toward the person's nose to follow the canal. A light beam extends beyond the viewing tip of the speculum. The otoscope is gently moved to different angles to view the canal walls and eardrum.
otitis interna → inflammation of the external ear (including auricle and ear canal) swimmer's ear. Caused by bacterial or fungal infection, psoriasis, trauma to canal
type and cross match → tests performed to assess the compatibility of blood to be transfused