Unit 2 SE Asia: India
Terms in this set (19)
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years.
British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria
a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
British and other colonial procedures through which "natives" were used to carry out colonial rule
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.
Nonviolent opposition to authority, especially a refusal to cooperate with legal requirements.
a way of bringing change without using violence
refuse to buy
going without food for a period of time
passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
Partition of India
India was separated into 2 countries Pakistan for Muslims and India for Hindus
murder of a public figure, usually for political reasons
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.