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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (12)
Appeal to emotion
appealing to emotion or pity or sympathy rather than evidence and reasons
Improper appeal to authority
giving greater weight to an authority than he or she deserves (exaggerated authority), or appealing to the authority of someone in one field as if it extended to other fields (misplaced authority).
appeal to popular belief
appealing to popular opinion or popular feelings rather than to the issue.
directing one's argument against the person rather than the issue.
appeal to ignorance
arguing that a position is true because it cannot be proven false or that a position is false because it cannot be proven true.
arguing that there are only two alternative positions on an issue when in fact there are intermediate positions between the two.
arguing that because there is a tendency for A to lead to B and B to C. to some end point Z, that therefore this movement, once begun, will necessarily occur.
Begging the question
an argument which assumes what it purports to demonstrate.
inferring that one event is the cause of another because and only because the one event occurs after the other.
using a term or phrase in an argument in two different senses as if the term or phrase has only one sense
deliberately distorting the position one is arguing against, and then demolishing that position.
distracting attention from the main issue under question.
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