Ecosystems Unit Review :: (5.L.2)
Terms in this set (43)
all of the living and nonliving things in an environment and their interactions
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical organisms (i.e. rainforest, tundra, desert, coral reef)
ALL of the different populations that live together in an area
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given area
An organism's particular role in an ecosystem
Any living thing
Place where an organism lives
a LIVING part of an ecosystem
a NONLIVING part of an ecosystem
Characterized by rich soil, moderate rainfall, a hot, dry climate, thick grasses, and herds of grazing animals.
coniferous forest (taiga)
A biome consisting of forest populated by cone-bearing evergreen trees; cold temperatures
A biome with four seasons, plants shed leaves in the fall and grow new ones in the spring. WE LIVE IN A DECIDUOUS FOREST BIOME!
tropical rain forest
Biome near the equator; large amounts of rain, dense growths of tall, leafy trees; weather is hot and wet year-round; few plants live on the dark forest floor
A biome that is cold year-round, supports a low number of plant species, little rain, and plants have shallow root zones due to permafrost
A hot, dry biome inhabited by organisms adapted to survive high daytime temperatures and long periods without rain
A saltwater aquatic biome that covers most of Earth's surface, large variety of life
A biome that does not contain any saltwater and can be rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, and wetlands
an area, such as a marsh or swamp, that is saturated with moisture
A biome in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of the ocean. LESS SALT THAN THE OCEAN, MORE SALT THAN A FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEM!
A biome found in shallow, tropical seas that is named for the numerous coral structures that grow there; supports a wide variety of life
Series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten
A community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
Shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web
An organism that makes its own food (plant)
process that plants (producers) use, sun convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
An organism that eats other organisms (animal)
examples of consumers
tiger, beetle, snail, bird, human
An organism that eats producers
An organism that eats primary consumers
An organism that eats secondary consumers
An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
examples of decomposers
mushroom, bacteria, fungi
A consumer that eats only plants.
examples of herbivores
rabbit, deer, sheep, cow
A consumer that eats only animals.
examples of carnivores
tiger, lion, crocodile, wolf, polar bear
A consumer that eats both plants and animals
examples of omnivores
human, black bear, squirrel, pig
An animal that hunts other animals for food
an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
An environmental factor that causes a population to decrease in size.
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