Terms in this set (23)
beginning of the Anglo-Saxon migration
449: what the f happened?
the 1st Roman Catholic mission converts King Ethelbert and they bring written texts with them
597: what the f happened?
King Alfred helped stop the Scandinavians and retook London; established the Danelaw; started recording and translating works into Old English
871-899: what the f happened?
the geographical area where King Alfred let the (mostly) Danes were given to live and where Danish law dominated
What is the Danelaw?
Danish line of succession established; Edward the Confessor becomes king in 1042
1016-1042: what the f happened?
Battle of Hastings (Duke of Normandy wins and noble English class killed) Norman French is in now--Norman invasion
1066: what the f happened?
(Wessex, Sussex, Essex, Kent, East Anglia, Northumbria, Mercia)
Know where to label the seven kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England on the map! (answer: fine)
Northumbrian (Northumbria), Mercian (Mercia, East Anglia, Essex), Kentish (Kent), West Saxon (Wessex, Sussex)
What are the four dialects of Old English? Which kingdoms make up which dialects?
West Saxon: became dominant and was the most frequent one in OE manuscripts; King Alfred compiled texts in this dialect
Which dialect is the most important and why?
god, gold, hand, helm, land, oft, under, winter, word
What words survived in form and meaning in Modern English from Old English?
breād, hlāf, drēam, mōd, dreorig, tīd, sælig
What word forms changed meanings in Modern English from Old English?
What words are hidden survivors of Old English?
cræftspræc, wordhord, folcriht, gebeorscip
What words are compounds replaced by borrowings?
Does grammatical gender match natural gender?
KNOW HOW TO CONJUGATE THE VERBS! (answer: yeah whatever)
KNOW HOW TO DECLINE THE NOUNS!
KNOW ALL THE PRONOUNS!
-u, -e, -e, -e, -a, -a, -um
-a/-e, -an, -an, -an, -an, -ena, -um
--, --, -es, -e, -ru, -ra, -rum
--, --, -es, -e, -as, -a, -um
a-stem masculine endings
--, --, -es, -e, --, -a, -um
a-stem neuter endings
on o and n stems
on what type of nouns do you need to cut off the nom. sing. ending?