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26 terms

Anatomy Fill in's Part 5

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hydroxyapatite
In bone, the calcium phosphate forms crystals of_______
osteoclasts
Cells that are found in the exposed matrix area of the endosteum are the ________
diaphysis
The shaft of long bones is called the _________
epiphysis
The head of a long bone is called the ________
osteoid
The ______ is the organic component of the bone matrix.
perforating canals
Blood is distributed from the surface of a bone to deeper central canals by means of ________
epiphyseal plate
The region of a long bone where the epiphysis meets the diaphysis is known as the _________
articular cartilage
________ prevents damaging bone-to-bone contact within movable joints.
endochondral ossification
During the process of ______, an existing tissue is replaced by bone.
calcification
The process of depositing calcium into tissue is called _________
compression fracture
Damage to a bone because of extreme load, sudden impact, or stresses applied from an unusual direction is called a(n) _____
osteomalacia
In _____ the size of the skeletal elements remains the same, but their mineral content decreases or even though the osteoblasts are working hard to form bone.
surface features
Any projection or bump on a bone is termed a(n) _______
ramus
A(n) _______ is a bony extension that makes an angle to the rest of the bone.
head
The expanded articular end of an epiphysis that is separated from the shaft by a narrower neck is termed a(n) ________
trochlea
A smooth, grooved articular process shaped like apulley is termed a(n) _______
canal
A(n) _____ is a rounded passageway for passage of blood vessels and / or nerves.
206
The adult skeleton contains _____ major bones.
bones
_______ are remarkably stronger than steel.
osteogenesis
The process of producing new bone matrix is called _________.
osteoclasts
_________ cells remove and recycle bone matrix.
trebeculae
The matrix in spongy bone forms struts and plates called _________
closed
A(n) _______ fracture is completely internal and does not break the skin,
compound
An open or _______ fracture projects through the skin.
communited
A(n) _______ fracture shatters the bone.
transverse
A fracture of the bone across its long axis is called a(n) ______ fracture.