427 terms

Growing Your Vocabulary End of Book 1-20 Review Set, 9th grade vocab 1-3

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Terms in this set (...)

dendron/dendr
tree or branch
portfolio
carrying case for loose sheets of paper
flourish
to blossom, thrive, or grow well
florist
someone who sells flowers or other plants
florid
red in color; too flowery, fancy , or over-developed
foliage
leaves of a plant
foil
thin sheet of metal that is very flexible; food wrap
rhododendron
kind of shrub that is known for its green leaves and clusters of flowers
-ist
one who makes or studies
flos/floris/flor
flower
novelist
one who writes novels
biologist
one who studies biology
folium/foli/foil
leaf
port
carry
dendrites
mineral deposits shaped like trees: branches of a brain cell that reach out like the branches of a tree
credere/creditum/cred
to believe
credence
an acceptance of something as true or real
credit
buy now, pay later
credentials
knowledge, training, and permission to do a job
doxa/dox
opinion
para-
against
paradox
a statement that does not seem to make sense, even though it might be true
orthodox
follows a set of rules or traditional ideas
amare/amatum/am/amicus
love
amiable
friendly and good-natured, or able to be a friend
-able
able or able to be
enjoyable
able to be enjoyed
breakable
able to be broken
amateur
someone who does something for enjoyment and does not get paid for it
fides/fid
faith
confidence
faith in someone or something
bona fide
true or honest; in good faith
summa/sum
highest
summary
a statement of the most important points or the highlights of something
summit
the highest point of a place or thing
cumulare/cumulatum/cumul
to pile up
cumulative
becoming bigger from adding parts
accumulate
gather or collect something
-ate
to make
activate
to make active
vacare/vacatum/vac
to empty
vacant
empty
vacation
is a period of rest from something
vacuum
a space that is completely empty of matter; a type of cleaner
evacuate
remove people or things from a place
negare/negatum /neg
to deny
negative
bad or not positive
negate
deny it or get rid of it
renegade
a person who denies, rejects, or abandons one group or another
angulus/angl
bend or corner
angle
two lines that meet at the same point; point of view
triangle
a shape that has three angles
quadrangle
an open area that is surrounded by four walls or buildings
angular
has sharp corners or is very stiff
rectus/rect
straight
erect
standing straight and tall; to build
correct
it is right
rectify
to fix
direction
the way something points or moves; to explain what to do
gonia/gon
angle
pentagon
a shape that has 5 angles and 5 sides
diagonal
a line that cuts across a shape
trigonometry
the study of properties of triangles
tri-
three
tricycle
a vehicle with three wheels
trident
a fork with three prongs that look like teeth
dia-
across; between
diameter
the length of a line across a circle
dialogue
words between two people
torquere/tortum/tort
to twist
contort
twist it strongly
distort
change its orginial shape or meaning
torture
something that causes a lot of pain; to cause pain
retort
a reply or a counter-argument
extort
to take by force
volvere/volutum/volv/volut
to turn
revolution
circular movement around something else
evolves
slowly turns into something else
involve
to include
vertere/versum/vert/vers
to turn
convert
change its form to purpose
reverse
turn it backward or make it move backward
introvert
a shy person
intro-
inward
introspect
to look inward; to examine you own thoughts
mutare/mutatum/mut
to change
mutate
to change form or quality
mutant
an organism in which a mutation makes it look or act unlike other organisms of the same species
commute
to travel between two places
migrare/migratum/migr
to change or to move
migrate
move from one place to another
immigrate
to move to a new country to live
im-
not or in
immature
not fully grown
imperfect
not exact or perfect
emigrate
to leave a country or area
morphe/morph
shape1
morphology
the study of form or shape
amorphous
no specific shape
metamorphic
can change or has changed its shape
forma/form
shape2
transform
to change shape
trans-
across or over
transplant
to move something from one place to another
transport
to move across
formal
following certain forms, customs, or rules
uniform
Alike in shape
finis/fin
end, last, limit, boundary, or border
infinity
is space time, quantity or distance without limit or end
define
state or explain the meaning
finite
limited; having boundaries
confine
restrict, limit or imprison it
indefinite
not certain; not clear; not having fixed limits
refine
to make something pure, polished, or elegant by removing unwanted material or impurities
re-
again or back
rewrite
to go back and write again
reuse
to use again
terminus/term
end, last or boundary
term
a word that has a particular meaning; a period of time with a set end date
exterminate
to get rid of completely
terminal
concluding or ending; a main computer; a station for a bus, plane, train or subway
predetermine
to decide ahead of time
determination
willpower or sense of purpose; decision; act of making a decision
kosmos/cosm
universe and order
cosmonaut
a Russian astronaut
cosmopolitan
common to all the world
microcosm
a small version of a large community or system
integer/interg
whole or complete
integrate
to combine different things into one
integrity
honesty and good moral character; stability and wholeness
panorama
a wide view or picture of the surrounding area
pan-
all or every
PanAmerican
relating to all parts of North and South America
pantheon
a building or monument dedicated to a country's heroes who are no longer alive
pandemic
a disease that spreads over a large area
pandemonium
a state of confusion, chaos, and disorder
integer
a positive or negative whole number or zero
aer
air
aerobics
exercises that improve the body's use of oxygen
-ic
having the characteristics of; made of; related to
historic
having to do with history; important in history
metallic
having to do with metal; made from metal
aeronautics
designing, building, and flying of airplanes and space vehicles
aerate
supply it with or expose it to circulating air
aerodynamics
the study of air movement and how objects moving through air are affected by the forces of air movement
lithos/lith
stone or rock
lithograph
a print made from transferring an image from stone or metal to paper
monolith
a large block of stone
Paleolithic
a time period during which people used crude stone tools
Neolithic
a time period in which people started to develop small communities and began to plant crops
ager/agri
field
agriculture
the practice of farming
agrarian
rural; agricultural; relating to farming and farmland
mimos/mim
same
mimic
copy someone or something
mime
type of clown or comedian
pantomime
the art of expressing thing without using words or sounds of any kind
siml/similis
same or like
similar
having things in common
assimilate
to become part of or get used to
simulate
to pretend to be or to look like
simile
a type of speech in which one thing is compared to another
facsimile
an exact copy or duplicate
symbol
a picture or object that stands for something else
sym-
together
symposium
a social gathering
synchronize
to make happen at the same time
sympathize
understand how that person feels
symphony
a musical composition often performed by an orchestra
symptom
a sign of something else
dramein/drom/dromas
to run; runner
palindrome
a word or phrase that reads the same whether it runs forward or backward
syndrome
a group of related things that go together to form a pattern
dromedary
a kind a camel that runs in sand and has only 1 hump
currere/cursum/cur/curs
to run
current
is up-to-date or recent
concurrent
happening at the same time
con-
with or together
curriculum
a course of study
cursive
a style of writing in which letters connect to one another
occur
to happen
concentric
having a common center
congenial
having the same nature
docere/doctum/doc
to teach
documentary
a film that gives facts about a person or thing
doctor
someone who cares for your health
doctrine
a set of beliefs that is taught to others
docile
easily managed
monere/monitum/mon
to warn or advise; to instruct
admonish
warn or caution the person; teach the person a lesson
monitor
a person who observes or oversees others
premonition
a warning or feeling about a future event
demonstrate
show it or make it clear
longus/long
long
longitude
an imaginary line on maps and globes that stretches north and south across Earth
elongate
to make something longer
oblong
stretched out
prolong
to make something last for a longer amount of time
pro-
forth or forward
proclaim
to speak forth
propose
to set forth as a suggestion
longevity
how long a person or thing lives
latus/lat
wide or broad
latitude
an imaginary line on a map or globe that stretches around Earth from east to west; freedom to choose
lateral
off to the side or coming from the side
unilateral
having only one part of side; done by one person or group
uni-
one
uniform
one form
unicycle
one wheel
dynamis/dyn
strength and power
dynamic
always moving or changing; full of power or energy
aerodynamics
the study of how things move through air
hydrodynamics
movement of water
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family; passing of a power in a family owned business
dynamite
a mixture of chemicals that explodes when lit
dominus/domin
master
dominate
to have power or control over something
predominant
having great strength or influence; most frequent or common
pre-
before
preexist
to exist before
preheat
to heat before
condominium
a unit within a group of houses or apartments
rex/regere/rectum/reg
to rule
regal
magnificent
regular
following a rule, pattern, or order
irregular
unusual; happening out of order;something that does not happen often
vincere/victum/vinc/vict
to conquer; to overcome
convince
to make someone believe what you say
invincible
cannot be hurt or defeated
-ible
able to be
digestible
able to be digested
flexible
able to flex or bend
victory
a success or win over an enemy or an opponent
origo/originis/orig
a beginning
original
n. the very first of something
originate
v. to come into being
origin
n. where something comes from
aborigine
a member of the earliest known people in an area
initiare/initiatum/init
v. to begin
initial
adj. first
initiate
to start something
initiative
a first step toward doing something before others
arche/arch
very old
archaic
very old or ancient
archive
a collection of documents
archaeology
the study of the past by looking at what people have left behind
-ology
the study of
gemology
the study of gems
meteorology
the study of weather
vorare/voratum/vor/vour
to eat
devour
to eat it completely
-ious
full of
cautious
full of caution
religious
full of religion
voracious
full of hunger
carnivore
an animal that eats mostly other animals
herbivore
an animal that eats mainly plants
omnivore
an animal that eats both plants and animals
arachnivore
something that eats spiders
dormire/dormitum/dorm
to sleep
dormitory
a place where many people sleep and live
dormant
not active
arachne
spider
unus/uni
one or single
unite
join together
union
when two or more things join together for a purpose
unison
single sound or movement
son
sound
university
school where people earn degrees in many different subject areas
duo/du
two
duet
two people sing or play music together
duplicate
to make a copy of something
double
twice the amount
dual
two parts or traits
duplicity
doing wrong, but pretending to do good; two-faced
-ity
the state, quality or condition of
originality
the quality of being orginal
equality
the condition of being equal
tres/tri
three
triceps
muscle in your arm that has three parts
trilogy
a collection of three works of art that are related to each other
trio
a group or set of three people
anima/anim
life or spirit
animate
(v) give life to something
animate
(adj) full of life
animosity
a strong feeling of dislike toward someone or something
animal
a living thing like a frog, squirrel, or human being
spirare/spiratum/spir
breathe
respiration
breathing
inspire
breathe in or into, influence someone to do something
in-
into
insight
a deep understanding of a person or situation
spirit
energy and excitement
perspire
to sweat
conspire
breathe together; plan together to do something
sanus/san
healthy
sanitary
clean and free of germs
-ary
relating to
salivary
relating to saliva or spit
planetary
relating to planets
sane
healthy mind
sanitation
cleanliness; relates to the collection of trash, recyclables or garbage
urbs/urbis/urb
city
urban
related to a a city or located in a city
rural
opposite of urban, which means related to the country
suburban
related to an area that lies outside of, but close to, a large city
sub
under
subway
a passage, or way to move about under the street
subzero
below zero degrees in temperature
polis/poli
city
metropolis
mother city
metr
mother
mega/megalo
great
megalopolis
a region with a large population that contains more than one metropolis
police
government workers who make sure that everyone follow the law
policy
a rule, procedure, guideline, or action plan followed by a person, group, business, or goverment
political
relates to governing and government
-tion
act or process
addition
the process of adding
celebration
the act of celebrating
locare/locatum/loc
to place
location
position of something
relocate
to move or to establish in a new place
local
physically close to or related to a particular place
locale
refers to a particular place and usually involves an event or something happening
dislocate
to put out of the usual place or location
dis-
not or the opposite
disagree
to not agree
dishonest
not honest
mater/matris/matr
mother
pater/patris/patr
father
frater/fratris
brother
maternal
kind and protective, like a mother
matrimony
marriage, state of motherhood
matriarch
female who is the head of the family, clan or tribe
linear
like or relating to a line
lineal
describes family relationships
matrilineal
family line that is traced through one's mother, grandmother, great-grandmother
paternity
the act or state of being a father
patriarch
a respected male who is the head of a family, clan, or tribe
patriotism
devotion, loyalty, support, and love toward your country
-ism
action typical of
patron
a person who supports or gives money to an activity or cause; a regular customer at a store, business, or restaurant
patron
a protector
fraternity
a group or club made up of people with similar interests or jobs
fraternity
a club for male college students (frat-frat house/ frat party)
fraternity
brotherhood or feelings of friendship and support among people
fraternal
brotherly, relating to brothers, or relating to fraternities
heroism
action typical of a hero
adept
Skilled; expert at
aptitude
Capacity for learning; natural ability
finesse
diplomacy; tact; artful management
precocious
Exceptionally early in development or occurrence
virtuoso
highly skilled artist
idiosyncrasy
a peculiar personality trait
innocuous
not harmful or offensive
obtrusive
noticeable or prominent in an unwelcome or intrusive way
prevalent
Commonly occurring; widely accepted or practiced
prosaic
dull
trite
overused
appraisal
evaluation or estimation of worth
criterion
standard used in judging
dexterity
Skill and grace in physical movement
meritorious
worthy, deserving recognition and praise
truism
A truth that is so well known that it is almost unnecessary to say it.
Circumulocution
an indirect way of speaking; rambling, verbosity
cogent
convincing
discourse
conversation
prattle
meaningless, foolish talk
raconteur
a person skilled at telling stories
sophistry
clever but deceptive reasoning
verbose
wordy, very talkative
aficionado
an enthusiastic and usually expert follower or fan
embargo
A ban on trade
flotilla
a fleet of boats or small ships
Hacienda
A large estate or ranch; the main house of such a ranch
junta
a military group ruling a country after seizing power
peccadillo
a minor offense; a misdeed
peon
worker forced to labor for a landlord in order to pay off a debt
argot
a specialized vocabulary used by a group
connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
jargon
nonsensical talk; specialized language
sematic
having to do with the meaning of words or language
vernacular
everyday language
epicure
someone who appreciates good food and drink
galvanize
to startle into sudden activity
Pyrrhic victory
A victory that is offset by staggering losses or that comes at a huge price
quixotic
overly idealistic; impractical
saturnine
gloomy and remote
Sisyphean
Requiring endless effort; without result or success
solecism
nonstandard grammatical usage; a violation of grammatical rules
discernment
the ability to judge well
myopia
nearsighted
subliminal
below the level of consciousness
cessation
stopping
obstruction
something that gets in the way
preclude
to make impossible
apologist
a person who makes an argument in support of someone or something
dupe
to deceive, to trick
indisputable
beyond doubt
Red Herring
something that draws attention away from the main issue
refute
to prove incorrect
substantiate
to support with proof or evidence
accolade
tribute; honor; praise
adulation
excessive praise or admiration
anathema
a cursed, detested person
commend
to praise, express approval
euology
a tribute; spoken or written praise, often given in honor of a person who has died
homage
Honor or respect shown publicly
laudable
praiseworthy
quibble
to argue over insignificant and irrelevant details
reproach
to find fault with, blame
quaff
to drink heartily
cataclysm
a violent upheaval that causes great destruction and change
eradication
The act of tearing out by the roots, or of eliminating as if tearing out by the roots
mar
to spoil, damage, injure
pugnacious
eager to fight
stagnant
not moving
broach
to bring up a subject for discussion
incipient
beginning to exist or appear
duplicity
treachery, deceitfulness
guile
sly or cunning intelligence
masquerade
To disguise oneself; to put on a false or deceptive appearance
overt
Done or shown openly
reputable
having a good reputation
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy