35 terms

AP Human Geography Ethnicity

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ethnicity
Cultural traits; Identity with people who share cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth.
Apartheid
Separation of races into geographic areas ("homelands"); Forced migration of blacks into "homelands"; Established in South Africa after independence from the British Empire and in effect until the 1990s.
segregation
Separation of public life based on race; Laws established in the US Southern states after slavery and in effect until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s
Rwanda
An East African country of 12 million with its capital at Kigali; Site of a 1994 genocide in which the majority Hutu ethnic group attempted to murder all the minority Tutsi ethnic groups.
Genocide
(n.) the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Multiethnic State
A state that contains more than one ethnicity.
Multinational state
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country or ethnic group.
Nationality
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
Nation-state
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Race
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
Racism
Belief that one race is superior to another.
Racist
A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Self determination
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular Slave Trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
White flight
The departure of whites from places (like urban neighborhoods or schools) increasingly or predominantly populated by ethnic minorities.
Ghetto
A section of a city where members of a minority group live due to social, legal or economic pressure
Ethnic Enclave
A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is different than the surrounding area.
Ethnoburb
A suburban area with a cluster of a particular ethnic group.
a suburb with a concentration of a particular ethnic group.
nationality
Identity as member of a nation/state; Legal status (citizenship); Allegiance (loyalty) to a nation/state
race
Physical traits; Identity with a group of people based on a biological ancestor.
racism
A belief in superiority or inferiority of people purely because of race.
genocide
The mass killing of a group of people in an attempt to create an ethnically homogenous region.
ethnic cleansing
A process in which a more powerful ethnic group attempts to remove a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Hispanic/Latino/Latina
a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race; One of the largest ethnic minorities in the U.S.
Kurds
The largest ethnic group in the world without a homeland; Divided among several nationalities including Turkish, Syrian, Iraqi, and Iranian nationalities.
Indian partition of 1947
British exit lead to ethnic conflict and the creation of Pakistan
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Balkanized
A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
Blockbusting
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Centripetal force
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Centrifugal force
A force that divides people and countries.
Ethnicity
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
Ethnic cleansing
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
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