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Unit 2 sociology study guide
Terms in this set (32)
Outer signs that define a group. Ex: clothing, buildings, eating utensils, etc.
Things that can't be seen, but still define a group. Ex: beliefs, values, norms
Uncomfortable and unsure of how to act, very stressful and anxiety causing
Others should act the way we act, judge others as better or worse based on their behavior.
Cuts down on stress and strain, do not judge as right or wrong, just accept, keeps an open mind about behaviors
Allow one to communicate through ones body without using words. Ex: how you count, rude gestures, greetings are all different
Indicates that rather than objects and events forcing themselves onto our consciousness, it is our language that determines our consciousness, and hence are perception of objects and events.
Specialized groups that make up the whole. Ex: doctors, ethnic groups, regional groups
Groups that go against the main groups values
The standard by which people define what is desirable are the values of a group. Ex: success, freedom, technology
Describes expectations, or rules of behavior, that reflect and enforce values
Encourage good behavior, allow others to know they are acceptable
Punish bad behavior, shows indivisible is not welcome in group
Norms that are not strictly enforced
Norms that are strictly enforced because they are thought essential to core values or the well-being of the group
A norm so strong that it often brings revulsion if violated
A girl raised in isolation by her parents. Was found and could not walk properly, talk or read, and hard to interact with.
Children assumed to have been raised by animals, in the wilderness, isolated from other humans
Harry Harlow's Monkeys
Tested on monkeys, raised them in isolation to discover if it makes it harder for them to interact with monkeys from the wild.
Researched on emotions and emotional displays. You learn these from interactions with others
The ability to identify emotions is socially constructed
Agents of socialization
Ways that society teaches children the differences between the sexes.
Have similar interests, age, background, or social status
Has an effect on how we think
Indicate the beginnings of interaction between environment and biology. Encouraged and taught at various stages
The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
Those unrecognized and unintended consequences
Charles Horton Cooley
Believed what makes us human is socially constructed. Sense of self develops from interaction with others. Lack of interaction leads to lack of ability to interact with others.
We imagine how we appear to those around us. We interpret other's reactions. We develop a self concept
Important people to a child: pretend to be parent/sibling and copy what they do to learn important roles
Those one doesn't come in direct contact: still know what to expect and do for them.
George Herbert Mead
We learn the aspects of a culture by playing games. Take the role of others, learn part of society and to put self in someone else's shoes.
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