World History Test-Chapter 17
Terms in this set (27)
Rules of conduct discover able by reason, example, scientific successes convinced educated Europeans to the power of human reason.
17th Century English thinker, set ideas that were to become key to Enlightenment.
An agreement by which people gave up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos.
Right that belongs to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and property.
An early influential thinker, studied the governments of Europe, from Italy to England.
Francois-Marie Arouet changed his name to..
Believed that people in their natural state were basically good.
Policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference. Physiocrasts urged it.
Scottish economist who greatly admired the physiocrats. In his work, The wealth of Nations, he argued that free market should be able to regulate business activity.
What idea did John Locke advocate for the role of a government?
Believed that government had a equal obligation to the people.
Explain the economic policy of laissez faire.
Government stays out of the way of businesses.
Church authorities wanted to protect against the attacks of the Enlightenment, they wanted a war of censorship or restricting access to ideas and info.
Informal social gathering at which writers, artists, philosophers and others exchanged ideas.
Ornates style of art and architecture popular in the 1600's and 1700's. They were either Greek or Roman tradition.
Empress of Russia. Read the works of the philosophers and exchanged letters with Volaire and Diderot.
Catherine the Great
Had a 60 year reign, born in England, spoke English and loved Britain. Wanted to end the Wig domination.
George the 3rd.
Law passed in 1765 by the British Parliament that imposed taxes on items such as newspapers and pamphlets in the American colonies, repealed in 1766.
Virginia planter and solider.
Principal author of the Declaration of Independence.
Location where the British army surrendered in the American Revolution.
Peace treaty made final in 1783 that ended the American Revolution.
Treaty of Paris
Helped with the Articles of Confederation.
James Madison and Benjamin Franklin
Government in which power is divided between the national, federal government and the states.
How did taxation create tensions between the American Colonies and the British Government?
Because the people wanted part in the government. The government was taxing without representation.
How did the Bill of Rights reflect a key Englightenment idea?
Protected certain rights.
How did the European Englightenment thinkers inspire the revolutions in the American colonies?
It gave them many ideas on what was right and what they wanted for our country.
How did people sustain themselves in Jamestown?
Because they grew many tobacco plants, and they knew tobacco was something they could send over seas to Europe in order for trade or money.
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