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42 terms

polysci final

STUDY
PLAY
commander in chief
conducts wars; repels attacksrecognizes other governments (sole authority, unilateral power)

appoints ambassadors (senate confirmation by majority)
appoints cabinet secretaries (senate confirmation by majority)

negotiates and signs treaties (senate ratification with 2/3)
senate
provide "advice" as well as "consent"
executive agreement
constitute more than 90 percent of agreements with others (sole authority: unilateral powers)
case zablocki ac
passed in 1972,required the presideent to inform both houses of congres within 60 days of signing an executive order
executive orders
(sole authority; unilateral power)
e.g. ban on assasination of foreign leaders
it is operative unless the congress passes a bill on this and over-rides a presidential veto.
special powers
declare national emergencies. In case of "extraordinary occasion" the president can adjourn congress if there were disagreements
article 2 section 3
congress can impeach the president for treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors:
habeas corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
the supreme court
has given the president a great deal of space in foreign affairs
vice president
biden
national security advisor
james jones
united ambassador
susan rice
two presidencies
domestic realm foreign realm
domestic realm
presidential powers are circumscribed greatly
foreign affairs
president has a great deal of power
FDR
With the emergence of the U.S. as a global power and by the presidency of , the office of the President became much more powerful than before.
FDR
Congress passed and created "The Executive Office of the President" in 1939.
The National Security Act of 1947."
Because of FDR's concentration of so much power in his own hands and not sharing vital information with Vice President Harry Truman, in 1947 the Congress passed
increased the power of the white house
Although the intention was to compel the President to share decision making with Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, it gradually (and paradoxically)
national security advisor
does NOT require confirmation by the Senate.
presidents
The NSC and the role of the National Security Adviser have been shaped by the __________ wishes
vague
The legislation has been very _______ and this has allowed the President to do as he pretty much has wished.
henry kissinger
under nixon, _________, became increasingly powerful first as National Security Adviser and then as Secretary of State.
condoleeza rice
under bush, ____________, became very powerful first as National Security Adviser and then as Secretary of State.
unilateral powers
Constitutional authority that permits considerable freedom of action by the president in foreign policy.
codetermination
sharing of powers with Congress
unilateral powers
Appointments that do not require Senate confirmation
congress
can impeach the President for treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors.
political
If the issue is purely a matter of policy then the Supreme Court, has called it "_______" and thus has not over-ruled the President's policies.
American citizens, or constitutional rights,
But when the President does something that impacts the rights of ____________ then the Supreme Court has ruled that the power of the president is not limitless.
grand strategy
A statement of a nation's essential objectives in world politics and the means to achieve those objectives.
doctrine
When a president articulates his (or her) grand strategy it is called his
truman doctrine
Containment of the Soviet Union. The U.S. would help any country in the world that may come under communist threat using American militarily, economically, or diplomatically powers.
eisenhower doctrine
Declared the Middle East to be a vital region for the U.S.
nixon doctrine
provide allies the means to fight communism themselves, with U.S. support.
bush doctrine
terrorist states and groups will be confronted
pre-emptive military strikes
unilateralism (U.S. would not need permission from the UN)
Democracy and liberty are universal values and are compatible with Islam. The U.S. "favors" democratic forces in the Middle East and the Islamic world
American primacy
imperial presidency
president is seen as emperor taking strong actions without consulting Congress or seeking its approval
finding
Formal conclusion by a judge or jury on issues of fact.
finding
A president allows the CIA or Special forces (by a piece of paper that the president wrote) to go assassinate another leader/president (Osama) and you will not be charged for murdering that person. Almost always secret. This makes the exception to executive order.
saber rattling
the ostentatious display of military power (with the implied threat that it might be used)
nuclear deterrence
Dissuading an adversary from attacking by threatening retaliation with nuclear weapons.
coercive diplomacy
the use of threats to influence the outcome of a bargaining interaction