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FInal POLI 100I: Representation
Terms in this set (19)
Fenno 1978: Puzzle
How does a legislator represent his or her constituency?
--> A legislators perception of his or her "Constituency shapes his/her representation style
Geographical constituency (Fenno)
People who live within district state, etc.
Reelection constituency (Fenno)
people in the district the legislator believes will vote for him or her
Primary constituency (Fenno)
legislators strongest and most loyal supporters
Personal constituency (Fenno)
politically and emotionally supportive friends
What are legislators perception of their constituency? What is the constituency that legislators see?
Legislative misperceptions of the district are common and systematically favor active and resource-rich constituents.
Legislators and staffers routinely face competing demands for their time and attention and must make decisions under considerable time pressure.
-These conditions are likely to increase individuals' use of shortcuts, or heuristics, to simplify tasks related to information retrieval and decision making.
-Three features of information affect its accessibility: frequency, salience, and familiarity.
- Groups of constituents in a district who have shared issue-specific interests
H1: The more frequent the contact the more likely to be recalled
H2: The greater the contribution the more recollection (saliency)
H3A: Contacts with similar professional experiences with staff will be more easily recalled by staff members.
H3B: Offices that specialize in healthcare will recognize more sub-constituencies
- conducted interviews with 40 legislative offices in the US house of Reps on the topic of health care policy during 107th congress 2002
- interviewed staff member responsible for health care policy
IV: Frequency of contact (Mail, Personal contact(in person or phone) , salience, familiarity
Miller: Key Findings
-Legislators only see a small percentage of their geographic constituents
- frequency of contact and financial contributors to contractor determine if those constituents will be seen
- Legislators and their staffs are more likely to recall subconstituencies who contact (by mail, phone, or in person) the office more frequently about a given issue
Butler & Broockman: Puzzle
Does the race of a participant affect how responsive legislators are to they constituents?
Butler & Broockman: Argument
- Race remains a significant barrier to equality in the American political system
- legislators are less responsive to black constituents than white constituents
Butler & Broockman: Theory
- Constituency service is a low cost way to represent voters without alienating others
Butler & Broockman: Theories
1. Legislators who share descriptive characteristics with their constituents may better represent and advocate for their constituents' interests and policy preferences (Descriptive representation)
2. Statistical Discrimination: Based on rational expectations given overall statistical trends (Republican legislators getting email from a "Black name" and assuming they will vote democratic
3. Taste-Based Discrimination: based on factors like racial prejudice that are not readily explicable by rational choice
Butler & Broockman: Methods
- Field experiment in Oct. 2008--> contacted 4,859 state legislators in 44 states before upcoming election
- each legislator received an email asking or help with registering to vote (Black or white names)
- ex Deshawn Jackson & Jake Mueller
Butler & Broockman: Findings
- Taste Based vs Statistical Discrimination
--> Rep. and Dem Legislators are both more responsive to co-partisans; no evidence of Statistical Discrim. among Dems. but mixed among Reps.
--> Dems respond equally to Deshawn & Jake
--> Reps. respond less to Deshawn when party is not mentioned
--> Reps still respond less when party IS mentioned
Butler & Broockman: Key Findings
- State legislators less responsive to requests from blacks than from whites for help with registering to vote
- A legislators race not party is more important In predicting discrimination
--> Legislators from both parties were more responsive to co-racial identifiers
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