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Campbell Biology Concepts & Connections Chapter 16
Terms in this set (47)
A domain of prokaryotes
Another domain of prokaryotes
Bacilli or Bacillus
Spherical Prokaryotes, occurs in chans
Cork-screw shaped Prokaryotes
Identifying the two different kinds of bacterial cell walls by the amount of in the wall.
Gram Negative Bacterial Cell Walls
Have walls that have less peptidoglycan and are more complex, sometimes containing lipids bonded to carbohydrates. Also often more dangerous than their positive cousins.
Gram Positive Bacteria
Have walls that have lots of peptidoglycan and are less complex and also often less dangerous than their negative cousins.
A polymer of sugars cross linked by short polypeptides.
A sticky layer of polysacchrade or protein, often shields pathogenic prokaryotes from the host's immunity system, and allows the regular prokaryote to adhere to things.
Adaptations that allows prokaryotes to move about.
A specialized inner produced by an outer cell, It has a thick and protective coat which protects it from heat and cold. When conditions for the spore become uninhabitable, it dehydrates itself and becomes dormant. When conditions return to the status quo,it rehydrates itself and becomes alive once more.
Organisms that obtain their carbon from CO2, Includes plants and some miss. others
Organisms that obtain their carbon from the organic compounds of other organisms, includes most prokaryotes and some animals/fungi
Organisms that harness the sunlight for energy and obtain their carbon from CO2, plants mostly
Organisms that harness the sunlight for energy and obtain their carbon from the organic compounds of other organisms, few organisms are attributed to this type
Organisms that obtain their carbon and energy from the organic compounds of other organisms, largest group by far
Organisms that obtain their energy from the organic compounds of other organism and obtain their carbon from CO2, very hardy
Prokaryotes attach themselves to surfaces in highly organized colonies, can consist of different kinds of organisms
A group of Archae that thrive in very salty places.
A group of Archae that thrive in very hot places.
A group of Archae that thrive in anaerobic environments and give off methane as a by-product
Another Bacteria group, common STD
Yet another group, corkscrew shaped.
Proteins that Bacteria secrete.
Proteins that Bacteria store up, and expel in death/consumption
a spherical prokaryote
a cell structure lacking in all prokaryotes
exposure to this creates a resistance
a eukaryotic cell has about 1,000X as much of this as a prokaryotic cell
one of two domains of prokaryotes
how prokaryotes rapidly reproduce
protects the prokaryotic cell and keeps it from bursting
a structure that is used for movement
a resistant cell that can be withstand environmental extremes
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